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Chapter One. 99.9% of Websites Are Obsolete > Modern Browsers and Web Standards

Modern Browsers and Web Standards

Throughout this book, when we refer to “modern” or “standards-compliant” browsers, we mean browsers that understand and support HTML and XHTML, Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), ECMAScript, and the W3C Document Object Model (DOM). Taken together, these are the standards that allow us to move beyond presentational markup and incompatible scripting languages and the perpetual obsolescence they engender.

As of this writing, such browsers include, among others, Mozilla 1.0 and higher; Netscape Navigator 6 and higher; Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 and higher for Windows; Microsoft Internet Explorer 5 and higher for Macintosh; and Opera Software's Opera 7 browser. For a chart that lists and compares the first wave of compliant browsers, please see, “Modern Browsers: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly,” in Part III of this book. Note that it is not an exhaustive list. Any attempt to list every standards-compliant browser would date this book faster than the Macarena. Although we will use the term “standards-compliant,” please remember what we said before this chapter in this book's “Before You Begin” section: No browser is perfectly standards compliant or can be.


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