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Pattern Group B. Creating a Navigation F... > People with Cognitive Disabilities U...

People with Cognitive Disabilities Use the Web

A cognitive disability can make it hard for people to write, read, and navigate. Here are four ways you can make these tasks easier:

  1. Provide a consistent navigation scheme throughout your Web site. Place navigation elements in a standard GRID LAYOUT (I1), and place the most important content ABOVE THE FOLD (I2).

  2. Use OBVIOUS LINKS (K10) and ACTION BUTTONS (K4) to ensure clarity (see Figure B9.4).

    Figure B9.4. Microsoft uses a simple organizational scheme, good link labels, and clear text labels for all of its images, making it easier for customers with disabilities to access its Web pages.

    (www.microsoft.com, August 26, 2001)

  3. Avoid distracting elements, such as animations and blinking text.

  4. Use recognition over recall. In other words, minimize the amount of information that visitors have to remember to use your Web site. Search engines, for example, display not only search results, but also the search terms that the visitor typed in, making it easier for a visitor to remember a past action.


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