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Chapter 21. XHTML Modularization > Devices Affected by XHTML Modularization

Devices Affected by XHTML Modularization

We discussed above how content can be delivered to different devices. Here's a short overview of the kinds of devices currently available and how they might be used in the near future:

  • Digital Television— DTV has come to our homes already, in the form of set-top boxes, Web broadcast, and so on. With a set-top box connected to a modem, the TV becomes interactive with the outside world. Tests researching bi-directional communication via the TV set are already being run, but the infrastructure for this has yet to be built.

  • Smart Phones— Modern life requires certain devices for functioning to full capacity. One of these devices is the phone. In the near future, there will be very few people without a cell phone, because most people will want to be available all the time. This idea goes both ways, however. People want to have access to information and services at any time. Customers available anywhere anytime is a huge challenge and opportunity for all types of online services. The future of these Smart phones is not totally decided: Cellular phones are getting smaller every month. But the clutter factor is motivating phone manufacturers to prepare for even smarter phones, which incorporate the functions of other handheld devices, integrating many systems into one. These smart phones will need to support the upcoming Web standards. We'll see whether or not cellular displays become smaller or larger. But whatever happens, the size of the display and the bandwidth will stay far below the standards we're used to on desktop computers.

  • Handheld Devices— It is doubtful whether they will ever be as popular as, say, desktop computers. The reason for this is that cellular phones are becoming more and more "intelligent" and could eventually elbow out handheld devices. Most cell phones can already serve as day planners, manage addresses, and—of course—phones. Some of them can already send e-mail and browse through the World Wide Web.

  • Two-Way Pagers— Pagers used to receive only one way but now they can send and receive email and information from the Web. But again they might be elbowed out by cell phones, which already have the same functionality.

  • Desktop Browsers— These browsers are standard and will continue to play an important role for Web designers. As XHTML becomes more widespread, the differences between platforms and their browsers will hopefully disappear and we can start to forget about cross-browser authoring and concentrate on creating better Web pages and sites without worrying too much about the platform.

  • Car Navigation Systems— People love their cars but getting from place to place as quickly, safely, and efficiently as possible has always been top priority. Current navigation systems the most current information via satellites. What is stopping us from using that same satellite link to browse the Internet for local hotels, restaurants, or entertainment when we are on the road?

  • Printers— Let's not forget those devices we don't normally associate with Web interactivity. What if there was a browser so small that it would work on any amount of memory? Through Modularization, it could become a standard to set up your printing device (or any other you use within your environment) via an XHTML-based driver directly connected to the World Wide Web.



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