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Part: VII Appendixes > Complete HTML 4 Quick Reference

Appendix C. Complete HTML 4 Quick Reference

HTML 4 is an ambitious attempt to meet the needs of Web developers worldwide, both casual and professional. XHTML 1 is a reformulation of HTML 4 as an XML 1 application, allowing extensions to the language to be more easily defined and implemented. This appendix provides a quick reference to all the elements and attributes of HTML 4/XHTML 1.

This appendix is based on the information provided in the HTML 4.0 Specification W3C Recommendation, revised on April 24, 1998, and the XHTML 1.0 Specification Working Draft, revised on May 5, 1999. The latest versions of these standards can be found at http://www.w3.org/.

To make the information readily accessible, this appendix organizes HTML elements by their function in the following order:

  • Structure

  • Text phrases and paragraphs

  • Text formatting elements

  • Lists

  • Links

  • Tables

  • Frames

  • Embedded content

  • Style

  • Forms

  • Scripts

The elements are listed alphabetically within each section, and the following information is presented:

  • Usage—A general description of the element

  • Start/End Tag—Indicates whether these tags are required, optional, or illegal

  • Attributes—Lists the attributes of the element with a short description of their effects

  • Empty—Indicates whether the element can be empty

  • Notes—Relates any special considerations when using the element and indicates whether the element is new, deprecated, or obsolete

Several elements and attributes have been deprecated, which means that they have been outdated by the current HTML version, and you should avoid using them. The same or similar functionality is provided by using new features.

Following this, the common attributes and intrinsic events are summarized.

HTML 4 introduces several new attributes that apply to a significant number of elements. These are referred to within each element listing as core, i18n, and events.



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