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Appendix E. The XHTML 1.0 DTD

Appendix E. The XHTML 1.0 DTD

The XHTML 1.0 standard is formally defined as three XML Document Type Definitions (DTDs): the Strict DTD, the Transitional DTD, and the Frameset DTD. These DTDs correspond to the respective HTML 4.01 DTDs, defining the same elements and attributes using XML instead of SGML as the DTD authoring language.

The Strict DTD defines only those elements that are not deprecated in the HTML 4.01 standard. Ideally, everyone would create XHTML documents that conform to the Strict DTD. The Transitional DTD includes all those deprecated elements and more accurately reflects the HTML in use today, with many older elements still in common use. The Frameset DTD is identical to the Transitional DTD, with the exception that the document <body> is replaced by the <frameset> element.


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