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Chapter IX. E-Government in Developing C... > Information-Based Reforms in Sri Lan...

Information-Based Reforms in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka’s attempts to improve IT facilities in order to increase the effectiveness of public policies can be looked at from two interrelated perspectives: the priority given to the better infrastructure for IT initiatives and computer education; and the growing awareness of the benefits of enhancing computer literacy in senior civil servants at the central and local government levels.

Having recognised the importance of information technology in the globalized world, Sri Lanka established the Computer and Information Council of Sri Lanka (CINTEC) under the Parliament Act of No. 10 of 1984. The main aim of the CINTEC was to identify the trend in the global IT industry and its implications for international trade (CINTEC, 2000). The Science and Technology Act No. 11 of 1994, which replaced the previous Act, further elaborated the functions of the CINTEC of Sri Lanka. The functions of the Council were: the promotion and development of information technology literacy; the development of the human resources necessary for the promotion of IT and the promotion of R&D in information technology (ICT, 2000). In the meantime, universities and government training institutes were encouraged to introduce computer education courses. The private sector also actively participated in the provision of IT education. The result was that a large number of IT institutes offered different certificate courses and degrees in IT for school leavers and professionals during the last decade. The emphasis was given to the increase demand for IT personnel, as a high level of computer literacy is a necessity for employees in every organisation, public as well as private, in the 21st century (Daily News, 02/07/2003).


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