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Chapter 10. Waves of the Future—Issues T... > Government and Political Change—The ...

Government and Political Change—The Visible and Invisible Hands That Influence Commerce

Governments and politics have a great effect on the waves of change in the e-commerce space. Clearly the Internet would not have been created without these two factors. It was the U.S. government that funded the ARPA-net project from which the Internet arose, and it was the European Organization for Nuclear Research, a laboratory founded in 1954 and now jointly funded by 20 member states, where in 1989 Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau created the World Wide Web. However, as the power of information on and access to the Internet grows, so will the recognition by political interest groups that they can gain political power by controlling and influencing the medium.

The United States of America

The United States is the driving force in e-commerce and Internet development. The White House in July 1997 wrote a defining document, "A Framework for Global Electronic Commerce," which states its position and philosophy through five principles:[66]

[66] http://www.ecommerce.gov/framewrk.htm#2. Governments should avoid undue restrictions on electronic commerce.


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