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Part V: Appendixes > Understanding Proximity Operators

Understanding Proximity Operators

Verity's proximity operators are used to specify how close together search words must be to each other within a document in order for that document to count as a match. For example, if you were looking for rules about where smoking is permitted, you might only want documents that have the words smoking and permitted sitting pretty close to one another within the actual text. A document that has the word smoking at the beginning and the word permitted way at the end would probably not interest you. The proximity operators include NEAR, NEAR/N, PARAGRAPH, and SENTENCE.

The NEAR operator specifies that you are most interested in documents where the search words are closest to one another. All documents where the words are within 1,000 words of each other are considered "found," but the closer together the words, the higher the document's score, which means it will be up at the top of the list. An example:


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