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Chapter 1. Introduction > The Web in a Nutshell

1.1. The Web in a Nutshell

We've organized this book in a roughly "outside-in" fashion—that is, with the outermost layer (HTML) first and the innermost layer (the server itself) last. But since it's a good idea for all readers to know how everything fits together, let's take a minute to breeze through a description of the Web from the inside-out: no history, no analysis, just the technology basics.

1.1.1. Clients and Servers

The tool most people use on the Web is a browser, such as Netscape Navigator, Internet Explorer, Opera, Mosaic, or Lynx. Web browsers work by connecting over the Internet to remote machines, requesting specific documents, and then formatting the documents they receive for viewing on the local machine.


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