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HTML Versus XHTML

As you’ve seen, HTML is a markup language designed to combine text, multimedia, and hyperlinks to create a Web page. HTML is also a moving target, though, because several different versions have been introduced since it first appeared in the early 1990s. Although each version has built upon the last, and most Web browsers are designed to be “backward-compatible” with previous versions, it’s important to know something about current and future versions of HTML.

Who Sets HTML Standards?

The World Wide Web Consortium (http://www.w3.org) is responsible for creating the specifications that other companies adhere to (for the most part) when creating such things as Web browser applications and devices for viewing Web pages. The W3C is an industry group, founded by Tim Berners-Lee, that includes most of the major players in the corporate world of Web development (such as Microsoft, Netscape, AOL, and AT&T).


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