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65 Chapter 3. Planning and Managing a Web Site Although Day 2, "Using the UltraDev WYSIWYG Layout Tools," exposed the UltraDev design tools, you will need a bit of background before you can fully develop a Web site. Creating an entire site consists of more than sitting down and typing/designing HTML. You must carefully plan how the end user will interact with the site. Today, you will learn · · · · The necessary steps you must take before starting to work on your Web site. The UltraDev tools that are available to help streamline and simplify the design process. How to work with existing Web sites from within the outlived interface. Techniques to keep your site online and working within a distributed working environment. Site Planning Site planning is one of the most important phases in the design of a Web site. Much like "painting yourself into a corner," designing a Web site opens the possibility of creating "dead ends" for the user in terms of navigation. If a site is being designed by multiple people, it becomes more critical to carefully plan its construction to avoid any chance of differing styles in layout and navigation. As I'm sure you've all experienced, it's too easy to get lost on a Web site. Navigation bars switch sides, links disappear and reappear, and the design of the pages itself might vary from section to section. As I mentioned in yesterday's lesson, one of the drawbacks to frames is that it is easy to get lost in the site if there are multiple pages in multiple frames. Many Web sites actually feature someone else's content, contained within a frame on their pages. These sites are the most confusing of all because it's next to impossible to tell where the information you're viewing is coming from or is going to appear. Proper planning can eliminate these problems and more. Spend a few hours before you start pro- gramming and save yourself days of reworking later. Site Maps So, what is a site map? It's exactly what it sounds like--a map of the site that you are creating. It provides a visual means of showing how a user can navigate between the different available pages. If you map your site out, only to find that there is one way to reach the most important content-- through a single link on an About Our Pets page--you're probably going to be in trouble. Take a look at a site map for a small computer store. Figure 3.1 shows a potential site map that can be used in the construction of the Web pages.