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3. Text Formatting > 3.1. Paragraph Formatting

Paragraph Formatting

Just as you use paragraphs to help organize your thoughts into clear, well-structured, and cohesive units when you’re writing a paper or letter, you organize content on Web pages into blocks of information within HTML tags (see Section 0.2 for more on tags). The most basic block of information is a simple paragraph, indicated in HTML by a paragraph tag, like this:

<p>Hello. This is one paragraph on this Web page. </p>

To a Web browser, everything between the opening <p> and closing </p> tags is considered part of the same paragraph. Many Dreamweaver formatting options—headlines, lists, indents, and alignment, for example—can apply only to an entire paragraph at a time, as opposed to individual words. In a word processor, you’d call this kind of formatting paragraph formatting; in Web design, it’s called block-level formatting. The idea is exactly the same: These characteristics affect an entire paragraph (that is, a block of text, whether that’s just one sentence or several sentences) at a time. (Character-level formatting, on the other hand, can be applied to individual words or even letters. Bold and italic fall into this category, as described later in this chapter.)


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