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Chapter 38. Basic HTML Editing > Understanding HTML

Understanding HTML

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the engine that drives the creation of pages on the Web. In reality, HTML is nothing more than a series of codes that tell Web browsers how to display different types of text and graphics. The codes are embedded in a document, so you can’t see them; instead, you see the results of the codes.

HTML coding might sound difficult, but it’s really fairly easy. First, know that HTML is nothing more than text surrounded by instructions, in the form of simple codes, called tags. Tags are distinguished form normal text by the fact that they’re enclosed within angle brackets. Each particular tag turns on or off a particular attribute, such as boldface or italic text. Most tags are in sets of “on/off” pairs; you turn “on” the code before the text you want to affect, and then turn “off” the code after the text.


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