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Google Groups groups.google.com

Google Groups groups.google.com

Google Groups Quick Reference
Plain-English QuestionNot recommended. Use a phrase or AND search instead. 
Phrase SearchType the phrase as a sequence of words surrounded by double quotation marks."forensic medicine"
AND Search (multiplewords and phrases, each of which must be present)Simply type the words or phrases separated by a space.cholesterol exercise
OR Search (multiple words and phrases, any one of which may be present)Use OR or | (pipe symbol) to connect two or more words or phrases. Both examples would find newsgroup postings that mention either fitness or nutrition.fitness OR nutrition fitness | nutrition
NOT Search (exclude a word or phrase)Use a minus sign (–) in front of a word or phrase you want to exclude from your results. To look for postings about vitamins but not herbal vitamins, for example, you might want to exclude herbalvitamins -herbal
Case-Sensitive SearchNot available. 
Field SearchUse the Advanced Groups Search form for fill-in-the-blank searching of newsgroup author, subject, and newsgroup name fields. Alternatively, you can use the following field-search operators on the search form itself: 
Author: author:author:bjones@nih.edu
Subject: insubject:insubject:"lyme disease"
Group name: group:group:sci.med.diseases
Nested SearchUse parentheses to group search expressions into more complex queries. The example would find postings that mention clinical study or clinical trial.clinical (study OR trial)
Proximity SearchNot supported. 
Wildcard SearchNot supported. 



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