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Part: 4 Specialized Search Engines > Google www.google.com

Google www.google.com

Table . Google Quick Reference
For This Type of Search: Do This: Examples:
Plain-English Question Simply type a phrase or question that expresses the idea or concept, using as many words as necessary. Who invented the steam engine?
Phrase Search Type the phrase surrounded by double quotes. (Common words will be ignored, even with quotes.) "industrial revolution"
AND Search (multiple words and phrases, each of which must be present) Type the words (or phrases in quotes) separated by a space, without any special punctuation. Edison "light bulb"
 Use a plus sign (+) only if one of the words in your query is a very common word (or stopword). The second example would help you find guides at the popular About.com Web site dealing with history. +about guides history
OR Search (multiple words and phrases, any one of which may be present) Type words or phrases (no quotes allowed) separated by OR (full caps required). phonograph OR speaking machine
NOT Search (to exclude a word or phrase) Use a minus sign (–) directly in front of the word or phrase you want to exclude. Lincoln –"town car"
Case-Sensitive Search Not available.  
Date Search Not available.  
Field Search Type the field-search term followed by a colon and the search word or phrase. Note that there is no space after the colon. (For fill-in-the-blanks field searching, use Advanced Search.)  

Titles: Use allintitle: or intitle: with one or more search words. The first example would look for both words in page titles, the second either word.

intitle:inventions inventors


URLs. Use allinurl: or inurl: with one or more words you want to find in the URL. The first example would look for both words, the second either word.

 allinurl:pdf 1099
inurl:patents trademarks


Domains. Use site: followed by a domain name or type (com, edu, gov, etc.), along with the search word or phrase you want to find at that site or domain type.

site:gov patents

 The first example would find pages at the National Geographic Web site that include the word inventions. The second would find government (gov) Web sites that include the word patents.  

Links. Use link: with a specific Web address to find all pages that link to that address. The example would find pages that link to the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (www.uspto.gov).

 Note: You cannot combine a link: search term with another search word or phrase.  
Nested Search Not available.  
Proximity Search Not available.  
Wildcard Search Not available.  



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