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Part: 4 Specialized Search Engines > AltaVista www.altavista.com

AltaVista www.altavista.com

Table . AltaVista Basic Search Quick Reference
For This Type of Search: Do This: Examples:
Plain-English Question Simply type the question in the search form text box. Use as many words as necessary. What is the date of the Battle of Trafalgar?
Phrase Search Type the phrase as a sequence of words surrounded by double quotes. "Battle of Trafalgar"
AND Search (multiple words and phrases, each of which must be present) Use a plus sign (+) in front of each word or phrase that must appear in the results. +London >+ "art museum"
OR Search (multiple words and phrases, any one of which may be present) Type words or phrases separated by spaces, without any special notation. Stratford Shakespeare
NOT Search (to exclude a word or phrase) Use a minus sign (–) in front of a word or phrase you want to exclude from the results. +python –monty
Case-Sensitive Search Use lowercase to find any combination of uppercase and lowercase. Use capital letters (initial caps or a combination of uppercase and lowercase) to force an exact match of your search term. The first example would match Bath (but not bath or BATH). The second example would match BATH only.
 Bath
BATH

Date Search Not available on the Basic Search form. Use Advanced Search or Power Search.  
Field Search Type field-search keyword in lowercase, followed by a colon and your search word or phrase. (See page 292 for a complete list of field-search keywords.) title:"Victoria and Albert Museum" host:cambridge.edu domain:com
Nested Search Not available on the Basic Search form. Use Advanced Search or Power Search.  
Proximity Search Not available on the Basic Search form. Use Advanced Search or Power Search.  
Wildcard Search Use an asterisk (*) at the end of or within a word, along with at least three letters at the beginning of the search term.
 Brit*
col*r


Table . AltaVista Advanced Search Quick Reference
For This Type of Search: Do This: Examples:
Plain-English Question Not recommended on Advanced Search form. Use Basic Search instead.  
Phrase Search Just type the phrase in the search box (without quotation marks). AltaVista interprets as a phrase any words that appear together without a search operator between them. Tower of London
AND Search (multiple words and phrases, each of which must be present) Use AND between words or phrases to specify that both must be present in the results. Oxford AND Cambridge
OR Search (multiple words and phrases, any one of which may be present) Use OR between words or phrases to specify that you want to find references to either or both terms. Oxford OR Cambridge
NOT Search (to exclude a word or phrase) Use AND NOT in front of the word or phrase you want to exclude from the query. Oxford AND NOT Cambridge
Case-Sensitive Search Use lowercase to find any combination of uppercase and lowercase. Use capital letters (initial caps or a combination of uppercase and lowercase) to force an exact match of your search term, as shown in the example. Round Table
Date Search Type the range of dates you want to search in the From and To boxes, using the form DD/MM/YY. The example would search for dates between January 1, 2001, and December 3, 2001 (not March 12, 2001). From: 01/01/01 To: 03/12/01
Field Search Type field-search keyword in lowercase, immediately followed by a colon and your search word or phrase. (See page 292 for a complete list of field-search keywords.)
 title:Castle Howard
domain:com
host:cambridge.edu

Nested Search Use parentheses to group search expressions into more complex queries. The example would find Queen Mother as well as Queen Mum. Queen (Mother OR Mum)
Proximity Search Use NEAR to find words or phrases that appear within 10 words of each other. The example would find bed and breakfast as well as bed & breakfast and breakfast in bed. bed NEAR breakfast
Wildcard Search Use an asterisk (*) at the end of or within a word with at least three letters at the beginning of the search term.
 bicycl*
col*r



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