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Chapter 1. DV 101 > Video Formats

Video Formats

Standard Analog VHS

This is the most common “home movie” format and is usually shot with the larger, bulkier cameras that became available to the public in the mid-to-late 1980s and were widely popular up to the mid-1990s. They accept full-size VHS tapes, which can easily go from camera to home VCR for playback. Some of the fancier VHS camcorders offered LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) monitors and RCA jacks (those red and yellow inputs usually located on the side or the backs of the cameras) to allow for linear editing. To work with analog video on nonlinear editors, your computer must have an A/V card with the appropriate connectors installed to digitize or “capture” the video for your computer.

NOTE

VHS IS 1/2 INCH

VHS is also often referred to as half-inch, because that is the width of the tape. However, there are many tape formats with 1/2 inch tape. VHS got the name many years ago, when the professional format of choice was 3/4 inch, and the consumer format was 1/2 inch. The line was always “Gimme a 1/2 dub (copy) of the 3/4 so I can check the tape at home.”


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