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Cross Dissolve > Cross Dissolve - Pg. 155

the holes. The holes gradually grow until they occupy the entire frame--and presto, you're now in a new scene. (You can use the directional arrows to specify a general direction for the furry of UFH's [unidentifed fying holes].) It's kind of hard to imagine when this transition would feel natural, except perhaps in documentaries about cellular reproduction. Transitions: The iMovie Catalog Circle Closing This effect, called iris close or iris in in professional editing programs, is a holdover from the silent flm days, when, in the days before zoom lenses, directors used the effect to highlight a detail in a scene. It creates an ever-closing circle with the frst clip inside and the second clip outside. It's useful at the end of the movie, when the second clip is solid black and the subject of the frst clip is centered in the frame. In that setup, the movie ends with an ever- shrinking picture that fades away to a little dot. (If the subject in the center waves goodbye just before being blinked out of view, this trick is especially effective.) Circle Opening This effect is much like Circle Closing, except it's been turned inside out. Now the circle grows from the center of the frst clip, with the second clip playing inside it, and expands until it flls the frame. (This effect is also called iris open or iris out.) Here again, this effect is especially useful at the beginning of a movie, particularly if the subject of the second clip is at the center of the frame. If the frst clip in your movie is a solid black frame, your flm begins as though the camera's sleepy eye is opening to reveal the scene. Circle Opening Cross Dissolve The crossfade, or dissolve, is the world's most popular and effective transition. The frst clip gradually disappears, superimposed on the beginning of the second clip, which fades in. If you must use a transition at all, you can't go wrong with this one. Tip: You can use a very short cross dissolve to create what editors call a "soft cut." When the footage would jump too abruptly if you made a regular cut, put in a ten-frame cross dissolve, which makes the junction of clips slightly smoother than just cutting. Soft cuts are very common in interviews where the editors have deleted sections from a continuous shot of a person talking. chapter6:transitionsandeffects 155