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Turning Home Video into Pro Video > Turning Home Video into Pro Video - Pg. 53

Balance button. The camcorder responds by compensating for the dominant color in the light. The 45/45 Rule This lighting guideline suggests that the key light be at a 45-degree angle to the cam- era-subject line and at a 45-degree angle above the ground (see Figure 2-5). Figure 2-5: In professional movies--and very good amateur ones--the key light is usually positioned above and to one side of the subject. The fll light (Figure 2-5) is usually on the opposite side of the camera, so that it flls the shadows. The backlight is usually on the same side as the fll light. Video Lighting: A Crash Course Key light Subject 45° 45° Camera Key light TOP VIEW FRONT VIEW General Guidelines for Lighting The preceding discussion gives you the theory of lighting design. Here's the executive summary--a distillation of that information down into just a few points to remember for the most professional-looking lighting. · The subject should be brighter than the background. Don't shoot people with a bright window or doorway behind them, unless you want them to disappear into silhouette. · If the background is bright, shine additional lights on the subject. If you can't do that, use your camcorder's Backlight button or its manual-exposure knob, if it has one, so that the subject is correctly exposed (even if that makes the background too bright). · Stand so that the key light--the sun, for example--is behind you. Don't shoot a subject with the sun behind her (unless you want silhouettes). · Avoid a key light that's directly above your subject. That arrangement causes ugly, heavy shadows under the eyes, nose, and chin. (The cinematographers for the Godfather movies set up lights this way on purpose, so that the mobsters' eyes would be hidden in shadows. That's not the effect you want when flming the mothers-in-law at a wedding ceremony. Usually.) chapter2:turninghomevideointoprovideo 53