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Typical Formats

In the world of nonlinear editing, a large and ever-growing number of formats are available for both online and offline editing. However, they can be broken down into three groups: standard definition video (SD), high definition video (HD), and data files from a film scanner.

Standard Definition (SD)

Standard definition video is the bulk of the transmission or delivery infrastructure into our homes–for example, cable TV or antennae. In North America and Japan, this analog format is known as NTSC (National Television Standards Committee); in most other regions, it’s known as PAL (Phase Alternating Line); and in France and Russia, it’s known as SECAM (SEquential Couleur Avec Mémoire). For the purposes of these chapters, we will discuss NTSC and PAL because these transmissions constitute the majority. (See the section on frame rates and standards in Lesson 7 for more information.)


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