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Lesson 8. Hardware and Interfaces > Digital Video Formats

Digital Video Formats

Except as mentioned, all these formats record digital component video and uncompressed audio at 48 kHz, 16 bits per channel. Transfer to and from FCP is as uncompressed video and audio over SDI, sometimes with audio as separate AES/EBU connections.

Digital Video Formats (SD) at a Glance
NamesBest FCP I/OBest FCP ControlComments
BetacamSXSDIRS-422Rare outside of news
D-1SDI; parallel-to-SDIRS-422Obsolete
D-5SDIRS-422Current favorite SD mastering format; 10-bit
Digital8FireWireFireWireDV25 on 8mm tapes
DV, DVCAM, “miniDV”SDI or FireWireRS-422 or FireWireRS-422 allows Edit-to-Tape
DVCPRO, DVCPRO25, D-7SDI or FireWireRS-422 or FireWireRS-422 allows Edit-to-Tape
DVCPRO50SDI or FireWireRS-422 or FireWireRS-422 allows Edit-to-Tape
Digital-S, D-9SDIRS-422JVC’s ½-inch DV50
Digital Betacam, DigiBetaSDIRS-422Top-end SD camcorder format; 10-bit
IMX, D-10SDIRS-422MPEG-2 at 30, 40, 50 Mbit/sec
P2SDI, FireWireRS-422, FireWirePanasonic’s “professional plug-in”; carries DVCPRO and DVCPRO50 data
XDCAMSDI or FireWire (DVCAM only)RS-422, FireWire (DVCAM only)Records either IMX or DVCAM on optical disks
D-2 and D-3SDI via AJA C10PS; analog compositeRS-422Obsolete digital composite VTRs; SDI on VTR, if available, is serial digital composite, not component!
DCTSDIRS-422Obsolete Ampex studio format
DVDSoftware transcodingN/A 
MicroMVY/CLANCMPEG-2 on tiny tapes



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