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Lesson 4. Other Editing Options > Deleting Clips and Gaps

Deleting Clips and Gaps

Deleting clips in the Timeline produces two results. You can delete a clip and leave a gap the length of the clip behind. Or you can delete a clip and the gap at the same time. You can select and delete an entire clip, or you can use In and Out points to determine just a portion of a clip to delete.

You can also mark a portion of the entire sequence, which might include several clips, and delete that chunk of material.

Deleting in the Timeline

When you delete from the Timeline and leave a gap, you are lifting material out of the Timeline, but not changing anything else. This type of delete is called a lift. When you delete a clip and the gap together, you create a rippling effect that pulls up the following clips in the sequence.

1.
In the Browser, duplicate the SOT Build sequence created earlier in this lesson. Rename it SOT Deletes and open it in the Timeline.

This is the first, longer version of the sound bites sequence you cut together.

2.
In the Timeline, click the birthday sot clip to select it.

3.
Press the Delete key.

The clip is removed, or lifted, from the sequence, but the space it occupied remains, leaving a gap. Whenever a gap in the sequence occurs, Final Cut Pro will continue to play through it, acting as though it is a black clip.

4.
Press Cmd-Z to undo the delete.

5.
Now delete this clip by pressing Shift-Delete. You can also use the forward Delete key on an extended keyboard.

The clip, along with the gap, is removed, and all the clips that follow are moved up in its place. Deleting this gap created a ripple effect in the Timeline.

NOTE

These two delete options appear under the Sequence menu as Lift and Ripple Delete.

As a general editing rule, when you decide against a shot, you will usually want to remove the clip along with its gap by using Shift-Delete. But if you need to hold the place a clip occupied for sequence timing purposes, you would lift the clip by using just Delete.

You can apply these same deleting techniques to a group of clips or to a marked portion of the sequence.

6.
In the current SOT Deletes sequence, mark an In point in the second audio clip, cam rolling sot, before Al says, “The video camera is rolling.”

7.
Mark an Out point on the last frame of the debris vis bad sot audio clip.

8.
Press Delete to lift the material and leave a gap.

NOTE

If you have a clip selected in the Timeline, this clip overrides the In and Out marks, and will be deleted when you press Delete. You can deselect all clips by pressing Cmd-Shift-A.

9.
Press Cmd-Z to undo the delete.

10.
Press Shift-Delete to remove the material along with the gap.

This pulls the following clip up to the last frame of the clip you changed.

11.
Play this area of the sequence.

Autoselecting a Track

When you mark In and Out points in the Timeline, you have already seen how the selected tracks between those edit points become lighter. This helps you see what tracks will be affected when you delete. But by toggling the AutoSelect control in the Timeline, you can deselect a track so it will not be affected when you delete. Autoselecting a clip can also be used at other times, such as copying and pasting only one track of a clip.

1.
Press Cmd-Z to undo the last delete.

The material between the edit points appears in the Timeline as it originally did.

NOTE

If the tracks between the edit points are not showing up as lighter, make sure nothing is selected in the Timeline by clicking on a blank area, or by pressing Cmd-Shift-A.

2.
In the Timeline track control area, click the AutoSelect control for the V1 track.

In the Timeline clip area between the In and the Out points, the V1 track portion is no longer lighter. This portion of the track will not be affected by the delete action you take.

3.
Press the Delete key.

The selected audio tracks between the In and Out points are deleted.

4.
Press Cmd-Z to undo this delete.

5.
This time, toggle the AutoSelect control back on for the V1 track but toggle it off for either the A1 or A2 track.

Since these two tracks are a stereo pair, when you toggle the AutoSelect off for one, they both are deselected.

6.
Press Delete again.

This time, just the video track is deleted. You could use the Replace edit function to fill this gap with another clip.

Working with Gaps

Gaps are not clips, but you can select and delete them like clips. There are also shortcuts to move to gaps so you can find gaps anywhere in your sequence. This may seem obvious, but you may be zoomed into a clip and can't see the gap in your sequence view. Checking for gaps before you output to tape prevents leaving any black spaces in your sequence.

1.
Open SOT Build sequence.

2.
In the track control area, make sure the AutoSelect control is active for all the tracks.

3.
Click the birthday sot and Cmd-click the cam rolling sot clip, and press Delete.

4.
Click in the second gap area to select it.

NOTE

You can deselect a gap the same way you deselect a clip.

5.
With the second gap selected, press Delete.

Unlike what happens when you delete a clip, pressing Delete alone will remove the gap and pull up the following clips.

NOTE

If there is an audio clip below the gaps, then navigating to the next and previous gaps is ignored. There must be a gap in all unlocked tracks to select the next or previous gap.

6.
Press Cmd-Z to return the gap to the sequence.

7.
Press Home to move the playhead to the beginning of the sequence.

8.
To move to the next gap in the sequence from the playhead position, choose Mark > Next > Gap, or press Shift-G.

Navigating to a gap moves the playhead to the first frame of that gap.

9.
Press Shift-G again to move to the next gap.

10.
Press Option-G to move back from the current playhead position to the previous gap.

11.
To remove this gap another way, choose Sequence > Close Gap, or just select the gap and press Delete as you did before.

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