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Replacing Edits

In the preceding exercise, you marked the Timeline to replace portions of clips in the Timeline. But you can also replace the full length of a clip in the Timeline with other content. You do this with the Replace edit function. Replace edit replaces any clip in the Timeline with a new source clip from the Viewer. The clip length and position in the Timeline remain the same. So whatever new source clip you replace it with must be at least the same duration as the clip that is being replaced. If you don't select a source clip that's long enough to replace the Timeline clip completely, a message will appear saying “Insufficient content for edit.”

An important consideration when making Replace edits is where the playhead is located in both the source clip in the Viewer and in the sequence clip in the Timeline. The Replace edit function depends on the alignment between the two playhead positions. There are three ways to create a Replace edit:

  • Starting from the head of a sequence clip and replacing forward

  • Starting from the tail of a sequence clip and backtiming

  • Starting from a specific point within a clip and replacing from that point both backwards and forwards

In the following exercises, you will duplicate the original sequence and Replace the video in three of the sound bite clips.

Replacing from the Head of a Clip

In this first Replace edit exercise, you will park both the Viewer and Time line playheads on the first frame of the two clips that are involved in the Replace edit. Here, the replace function starts with the first frame of the new clip and fills forward for the full duration of the clip you are replacing in the Timeline.

1.
In the Browser, locate the SOT Build Short sequence and duplicate it. Name the duplicate SOT Replace and double-click it to open it in the Timeline. Close all other open sequences and play the SOT Replace sequence.

This sequence is a shortened version of the SOT Build sequence you created earlier in this lesson.

2.
To edit just video to the Timeline, make sure the A1 and A2 Destination controls are disconnected from the Source controls.

Using the Replace edit function, you will replace the video of every other clip in this sequence, beginning with the second clip.

3.
In the Timeline, park the playhead on the first frame of the fourth clip, birthday sot.

4.
From the Browser, open the fish swim sub clip and play it. Park the playhead at the head of this clip.

5.
Drag the source clip to the blue Replace section in the Canvas overlay, release the mouse, and play the edit.

The entire video portion of the Timeline sequence clip is replaced by source content starting at the Viewer playhead position.

NOTE

The fish swim sub clip is not underlined, indicating that it is not linked to the audio clips below it. If you click on it, it will be selected but the audio clips will not.


Replacing from the Tail of a Clip

You can also use the Replace edit function to backtime a replacement clip into position. This is similar to the 3-point backtiming exercise except that here you are replacing an entire clip. You will place the Timeline playhead on the last frame of a clip in the sequence. In the Viewer, you will park the playhead on the frame you wish to align with the Timeline playhead. Final Cut Pro will line up the two clips and fill in, or backtime, from that point.

1.
In the Timeline, place the playhead on the last frame of the last clip, right ocean sot (the second one). Make sure you see the last frame indicator in the Canvas.

TIP

If you see the blue end of sequence bar in the Canvas, back up by one frame and you should then see the last frame indicator.

2.
Open the diver swings cam clip in the Viewer and play it. Position the playhead toward the end of the clip where the diver turns his head to finally look through the camera.

3.
This time, click the blue Replace edit button to edit the clip as a replace edit.

4.
Play the new edit.

The last frame on which you parked the Viewer playhead now appears as the last frame in the sequence. All earlier material is filled in automatically to cover the duration of the sequence clip.

Replacing from a Specific Point

You can also mark a replacement frame anywhere in the middle of a clip, on a specific point of sound or action. For example in this exercise, Al Giddings says, “The video camera is on…,” in one of the sound bites. You can position the playhead at that location in the Timeline, and in the Viewer, position the playhead on a clip when the video camera light actually turns on. Using Replace edit in this situation will align or sync those two points of action.

In this case, rather than filling from first frame forward or last frame backward, Final Cut Pro will fill out the frames before and after the playhead to fill the existing clip duration.

1.
In the Timeline, play the cam rolling sot clip, and park the playhead after Al says, “The video camera is on.” This is the point you want to match with new video.

2.
Open the lights go on clip into the Viewer and play the clip. Park the playhead toward the beginning where you see a light first start to come on.

In this situation, there does not appear to be enough source content for the edit. That is, the distance from the start of the source clip to the playhead position is not as long as the distance from the start of the sequence clip to its playhead position.

3.
Click the Replace edit button.

When you try to use a Replace edit here, a message appears saying you don't have enough content.

4.
Play the source clip again, and this time position the playhead where the third light begins to turn on.

5.
Click the Replace edit button, or press F11.

6.
Play the sequence.

The light turns on at the same time Al says the camera is on.

TIP

You can change your mind and undo what you did by pressing Cmd-Z or simply readjusting your playhead positions and performing another Replace edit.

7.
Press Cmd-S to save project changes.

Project Tasks

1.
Create a new sequence and open it in the Timeline.

2.
Mark new sound bites from clips in the SOT Clips bin.

3.
Place them in a different order in the sequence.

4.
Use video cutaways to either replace clips or cover jump cuts in the sequence.

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