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Depth of Field

We usually want to keep things in focus, but when everything appears sharp, most scenes begin to look flat. Instead, highlight objects in the foreground by keeping them in focus, and separate them from the background by keeping it soft. When you increase this depth of field, you’re more effectively simulating how a viewer’s vision works, and subtly influencing what they should see. This works particularly well during interviews or scenes where a character is occupying the frame.

To increase depth of field:

1.
Position the camera as far away from your subject as possible.

2.
Use the camcorder’s zooming controls to zoom in close to the subject.

3.
Set the manual focus so that the subject is clear (Figure 2.10).

Figure 2.10. The background is out of focus and lit dimly compared to the foreground, helping to visually separate the two.



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