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Chapter 5. Creating a Program > Creating a Leader

Creating a Leader

In addition to accepting a wide variety of source files, Premiere provides several useful clips of its own. You can use some of them to create a leader, a series of shots that typically appear at the beginning of a master tape. The master tape is used to make duplicates (or dubs), and usually contains the following:

  • 30 seconds of black— A black screen without sound keeps the program away from the head, or beginning, of the master tape, which is more prone to damage.

  • 60 seconds of bars and tone The color bars and reference tone are used by video technicians to faithfully reproduce your program’s video and audio levels.

  • 10 seconds of black— Here, black simply acts as a buffer between the bars and the slate.

  • 10 seconds of a slate A title screen containing pertinent information about the program and the tape itself, such as the name of the program, the producer, whether the audio is mixed, and so on.

  • 8 seconds of countdown— The visible countdown originally helped a film projectionist know when the program was about to start. It can serve a similar purpose for videotape operators. The standard countdown starts at 8 and ends at 2 (where there is usually a beep, or 2 pop, to test the sound).

  • 2 seconds of black— Black video immediately precedes the program.


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