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Chapter 10. Mixing Audio > Panning and Balancing

Panning and Balancing

The blue line, or pan control, controls how a monophonic (mono) audio of a clip is distributed between left and right stereo speakers. Changing the distribution is called panning. Redistributing the audio channels of a stereophonic (stereo) clip works the same way, but the process is called balancing. Because the processes for panning and balancing audio are so similar, the following sections use the term pan to refer to both pan and balance (unless otherwise noted).

By default, the pan control appears in the middle of the clip, indicating that the pan is centered—in other words, equally distributed between the two speakers. Dragging a control handle to the top pans the audio to the left speaker; dragging it to the bottom pans the audio to the right speaker. An expanded audio track displays a blue L and R to remind you how the line corresponds to the speakers (Figures 10.13, 10.14, and 10.15.)


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