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Chapter 4. Editing Source Clips > The Monitor Window

The Monitor Window

The Monitor window was probably the most important—and certainly the most visible—of the improvements introduced in Premiere 5. The Monitor window consolidated several of the older version's windows into a single, streamlined window. Premiere 6 refines this essential window by redesigning its controls and expanding its features (Figure 4.1).

Figure 4.1. The Monitor window, set to dual view.

Depending on your needs or preferences, the Monitor window can appear in three incarnations: dual view, single view, or trim mode. Each view includes controls for playback, for setting editing marks, and for performing edits. All these controls have single-stroke keyboard shortcuts—another time-saving feature that professional editors have come to expect from nonlinear editing tools.

Most of the time, you'll use the Monitor window in dual view. In dual view, the left side of the Monitor window is called the source view, where you view and set edit marks in source clips; the right side is called the program view, where you display and set edit marks in the edited program sequence (Figure 4.2). Many editors believe that a source/program monitor is the best editing interface. In dual view, the monitor window resembles a traditional videotape-editing suite or even a flatbed film-editing table. But editors don't prefer this layout merely because it's familiar; this type of interface also enables them to see the source and program clips side by side, which helps them make editing decisions. You can even "gang-synch" the views so that the source and program views play in a synched relationship. This feature is invaluable when you need to preview the timing of certain edits.

Figure 4.2. Dual view is also called source/program view: the source clips appear on the left, the program appears on the right.

Though you got a glimpse of the "big picture" in Chapter 1, it's worth reiterating that the program side of the Monitor window corresponds with the Timeline window. Both depict the same edited program, although in different ways. The program view shows you how the program will look when you export it as a file or to videotape. The Timeline window graphically represents the clips in the program as bars arranged in tracks in a timeline graph. The video frame displayed in the monitor view corresponds to a vertical line in the Timeline window called the edit line. Each window contains its own set of editing tools and controls, with their own special advantages (Figure 4.3).

Figure 4.3. The program view of the Monitor window and the Timeline window depict the same program in different ways.

Single view displays only the program view in the Monitor window (Figure 4.4). Because the window doesn't include a source side in this view, you must open source clips in separate clip windows when you edit using single view (see "To open a clip in a separate clip window" later in this chapter). As you learned in Chapter 2, choosing the A/B roll editing workspace automatically sets the Monitor window to single view, in addition to setting source clips to open in separate windows. Because of the advantages of dual view, however, this book doesn't recommend using single view for most of your editing.

Figure 4.4. When you set the Monitor window to single view, it displays only the program view. Source clips must be displayed in separate clip windows.

On the other hand, single view is ideal for editing tasks that don't require viewing source clips, such as audio mixing and effects editing (two other preset workspaces). Single view can also be useful if your computer system supports a second computer monitor or television monitor; you can put the program on a television screen or free up screen space for your other windows.

When it's time to fine-tune the program, the Monitor window conveniently toggles to trim mode. Trim mode allows you to make fine adjustments to the clips in the edited program (Figure 4.5). You'll find a full explanation of trim mode in Chapter 7.

Figure 4.5. Trim mode shows two adjacent clips in the program: the tail of the first clip on the left and the head of the second clip on the right.

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