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Applications and Interviews > Other Important Federal Laws - Pg. 96

Staffing Up 96 · Religion, what religious holidays applicant intends to observe, and so forth. · Disabilities and/or medical conditions, height, weight, hair/eye color. Exception: An employer may describe the job requirements and ask the employee if he has any physical conditions that would impinge on his or her ability to perform the job. How Federal Discrimination Statutes are Enforced Before anyone can file a lawsuit under any of the Title VII (anti-discrimination) laws, she must first try to redress her grievance through the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Anyone wish- ing to sue under Title VII must acquire a right to sue letter before he may file suit. The EEOC is a federal administrative agency that functions a bit like a mediator in that it tries to bring the parties to an amicable resolution without resorting to litigation. The EEOC Process: 1. 2. Someone believing he has a Title VII discrimination claim files a charge of discrimination with the EEOC, stating his case. The EEOC then investigates, sending a copy of the employee's charge to the employer and asking it to respond in writing, including any relevant documents. (Employers will note that this is where the documentation of communications with the employee comes in handy.) After reviewing the charge and the employer's response, the EEOC either: Finds reasonable grounds to believe the employer violated the law and begins informal me- diation; or Finds no reasonable grounds to believe the employer violated the law. The employee can then sue in civil court by requesting a right-to-sue letter from the EEOC, which gives the employee 90 days to file suit against the employer; or 3. 1. 2.