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Section C.3. Creating a Web Page with HTML

C.3. Creating a Web Page with HTML

In order to write Web pages, you must learn at least some of what makes up the HTML language. There are volumes written on this subject. Here we will cover just enough to introduce you to HTML and give you the basics so that you can write some simple dynamic pages with forms and CGI scripts. See Appendix B for a succinct tutorial on HTML.

As previously stated, Web pages are written as ASCII text files in HTML. HTML consists of a set of instructions called tags that tell your Web browser how to display the text in the page.[2] When you type in the URL or click on a hyperlink in a page, the browser (client) communicates to the server that it needs a file and the file is sent back to the browser. The file contains HTML content that may consist of plain text, images, audio, video, and hyperlinks. It's the browser's job to interpret the HTML tags and display the formatted page on your screen. (To look at the source file for a Web page, you can use the View Document menu under View in the Netscape browser, or using Internet Explorer select the View menu and then select Source to see the HTML tags used to produce the page.)

[2] If you have ever used the UNIX programs nroff and troff for formatting text, you'll immediately recognize the tags used for formatting with HTML.


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