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Preface

Preface

This book offers step-by-step guidance for strengthening the thinking skills necessary to grapple with the deluge of information we face daily, particularly at work. How can you determine the validity of an argument given by a co-worker? How can you explain the underlying cause of a shift in customer demand or the importance of a work process?

This book contains three parts. Part I introduces critical thinking and presents the pitfalls of non-critical thinking tactics. It explores the differences between ineffective and effective thinking styles and gives overall strategies for developing critical thinking.

Part II focuses on recognizing and evaluating arguments. It teaches the importance of recognizing the elements of an argument and the methods for judging the validity of an argument. It also gives direction for presenting effective arguments.

Part III enumerates steps for developing and evaluating explanations. It describes how to gather and process information and develop and test hypotheses. It also describes common errors in information processing.

Do you want to learn overall strategies for improving your critical thinking skills? If so, practice the exercises in Part I.

Are people trying to convince you to adopt their point of view? If so, use the steps in Part II for recognizing and evaluating arguments.

Do you want to understand and explain a situation? If so, follow the steps in Part III for developing and evaluating explanations.

Together, the three parts of this book offer valuable guidance on how to make effective decisions in the workplace.

Daniel Feldman, Ph.D.

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