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Chapter 29. Language Usage and Style > Resumptive and Summative Modifiers

Resumptive and Summative Modifiers

By adding modifying phrases to the end of a sentence, you take a sentence in an unexpected direction. A resumptive modifier takes a word from a sentence that appears to be ending and adds additional information. For example, "You'll find working with Videologies to be both enlightening and rewarding—enlightening due to the many innovations we'll introduce to your company, rewarding because of the enhancements to productivity your company will experience."

A summative modifier re-names or summarizes what has been going on earlier in the sentence and adds new information. For example, "The e-mail etiquette seminar promises to show employees how to write effective e-mails: e-mails that get results and e-mails that result in a positive image for your business—two benefits that can enhance the productivity of any business."


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