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Q1:Is there a quick way to pick a color while I'm painting? I'm using the Brush tool, but would like to pick a new color from my image using the Eyedropper. Is there a simple way to switch tools?
A1: The simplest way is to hold down Option (PC: Alt). This will temporarily switch your painting tool into the Eyedropper. Click to select a color onscreen, then let go of the Option (PC: Alt) key to resume painting with your tool.
Q2:Why doesn't my painting tool paint with the color I've chosen? I have picked a color, but when I paint, the color doesn't look the same as my Foreground color—in fact, it's very different. Why is that?
A2: The mostly likely reason is that your Brush tool (B) (or the layer you are working on) has a different blending mode selected. For example, if your Foreground color is red, but your Brush tool is set to Multiply in the Options Bar, the red will blend in with the underlying colors and look quite different. To stop this from happening, change the Mode pop-up menu back to Normal (or change the layer blend mode to Normal in the Layers palette).
Q3:Is there a quick way to change painting blend modes while I'm using the Brush tool? When I'm painting I'd like to try different blending modes to see what they look like. Is there a quicker way than choosing a new mode from the menu in the Options Bar?
A3: Yes! Make sure you have a painting tool selected and press Shift–+ (Plus Sign) to move down the Mode pop-up menu in the Options Bar or press Shift–- (Minus Sign) to move up the list. Or, you can jump to a specific blending mode by pressing Shift-Option (PC: Shift-Alt) and the first letter of the blending mode—for example,Screen would be Shift-Option-S (PC: Shift- Alt-S)—see the “Blending Modes” section in Chapter 12 for a full list of shortcuts.
Q4:How do I change the color of someone's shirt? I want to change the color of someone's shirt, but when I try, I lose all the detail, shadows, etc. How should I do this?
A4: There are a number of possibilities, but they all start with selecting the area you wish to change. Take your time because this step will make a big difference in the realism.

Option One: After making your selection, use Image>Adjustments>Desaturate to remove any color. Pick the new color by clicking on the Foreground color swatch, and use the Edit>Fill command. In the Fill dialog, change the blending mode to Color. If necessary, undo and play with Opacity. (In this example, the boy's shirt was red, but I've desaturated his shirt and I'm using the Fill command to apply a new color.)


Option Two: After making your selection, go to Image>Adjustments>Hue/Saturation. Turn on the Colorize checkbox (and Preview) in the resulting dialog, and then drag the Hue slider to change the color.

Option Three: After making your selection, add a Solid Color adjustment layer (from the Create New Adjustment Layer pop-up menu in the bottom of the Layers palette). Choose your color in the resulting Color Picker, click OK, and then change the layer blend mode to Color. This method is the most flexible because you can return to the Solid Color adjustment layer to change color, adjust Opacity, etc.

Q5:Is there a quick way to fill an area with color? Sometimes when I use the Paint Bucket tool, the area I want to fill does not get completely filled. Is there a quicker way than using the Bucket?
A5: It is often much quicker to make a selection using any selection tool, and then press Option-Delete (PC: Alt-Backspace). This will fill the selected area with your Foreground color (but with no options such as Opacity). If you need to change some options, such as blending modes, press Shift-Delete (PC: Alt-Backspace) as a quick way to open the Fill command.
Q6:Is it possible to create a dotted line?

A6: If you are looking for the command that lets you draw a dotted line with the Line tool, no, there isn't such a thing. You can, however, get to that end result by creating a custom brush and then painting or stroking a path. Here's how: Press B to get the Brush tool, and in the Brush Picker in the Options Bar, click on the 1-pixel, hard-edged brush. In the Brushes palette (docked in the Palette Well), click on Brush Tip Shape to be able to edit settings, such as Spacing. Turn off the Other Dynamics checkbox, then increase the Spacing amount to create the “spaces” between the “dots.” Now use the palette's flyout menu to create a New Brush Preset. Name it “dotted” (or some other name that will help you identify it) in the resulting dialog and click OK.

Now that we've created the dotted brush, we need to apply it somehow. You can use the Brush tool to paint simple, straight dotted lines by clicking once where you want the line to start, holding down Shift, and clicking a second time at the end of the line. If you want a curved line, it's probably best to create a path with the Pen tool (P) or one of the Shape tools. Once you've done that, click on the Create a New Layer icon to add a new layer, get the Brush tool and choose your “dotted” brush from the Brush Picker in the Options Bar, and then click on the Foreground swatch to choose your color. Then in the Paths palette (Window>Paths), click on the second icon from the left on the bottom of the palette (Stroke Path with Brush). (If you ever need a different dotted line, you can always change the settings for this brush in the Brushes palette or make a new one.)



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