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Repair & Restoration

Q1:How do I get rid of facial wrinkles?
A1: The Healing Brush and Patch tools do a great job with wrinkles, especially if you duplicate the image layer first (Command-J [PC: Control-J]) and remove the wrinkles from the copied layer. That way, if the effect is too obvious, you can lower the Opacity of the “fixed” layer so that the original layer shows through. Note: Although the Healing Brush will work on a blank layer (with the Sample All Layers option), the Patch tool doesn't—that's why duplicating the image layer works best for both tools.
Q2:How do I fix eyeglass glare?
A2: This is one of those questions that people often preface with “is there a quick way to…” and in this case the answer definitely is no, it won't be quick. This just takes some effort—and time—with the Clone Stamp tool (S), the Healing Brush, and possibly making a selection that you copy to “cover up” the problem. Some things to consider:

Is the glare on both lenses or only one? (If it's only on one, you may be able to copy and “flip” the good lens—or part of it— and transform it to fit using Edit>Free Transform.) Use as high of a resolution as possible so you can zoom in close to see what you're doing. You can always lower the resolution later. When you use the Clone Stamp tool, change the Mode pop-up menu in the Options Bar to Lighten to affect only the light areas of the glare.

Q3:How do I repair a tear?
A3: The Patch tool does a great job with tears, because you can use another part of the image to “cover up” the tear while preserving the surrounding texture as much as possible. Chances are you'll need to use the Patch tool and do a bit of Clone Stamp (S) or Spot Healing Brush (J) work to touch up the results.
Q4:My image is badly faded, how can I restore the color?
A4: One simple technique is to press Command-J (PC: Control-J) to duplicate the Background layer, and then change the layer blend mode to Multiply. That should make the faded color a little darker. Then press Command-J (PC: Control-J) again to duplicate—perhaps even three or four more times—to continue to darken the colors. When you're happy, flatten the image (Layer>Flatten Image). Note: You can also make a feathered selection of any area that is particularly faded and use the same technique with just that area.
Q5:How do I colorize a black-and-white image?
A5: First, make sure the document is in RGB Color mode (Image>Mode). Then make a selection of the first area you want to colorize using any selection tool, and from the Create New Adjustment Layer pop-up menu in the Layers palette, add a Hue/Saturation adjustment layer. Turn on the Colorize checkbox and move the Hue slider to change the color. If you need to adjust the affected area, paint with black or white on the layer mask. Repeat this operation for each area you want to colorize (you may want to name each adjustment layer to help you keep track of each area you're colorizing). Be patient—depending on your image, this will take some time to complete.
Q6:How do I remove a person/building/telephone pole/wire/etc. from my photo?
A6: The Clone Stamp tool (S) is usually the best tool for “removing” small areas—although you're really covering them up. Try changing the tool's Mode in the Options Bar—for example choose Lighten if you're trying to clone over dark telephone wires on a light-colored sky. For larger areas such as buildings, make a selection with a slightly feathered edge, press V to switch to the Move tool, hold down Option (PC: Alt), and click-and-drag the selection to copy it. Then you can apply Edit>Free Transform if necessary.
Q7:How do I whiten teeth? The teeth in a portrait look a little yellowish—how do I whiten them?

A7: Make a selection around the teeth using any selection tool, but add a slight amount of feathering (Select>Feather). Then, from the Create New Adjustment Layer pop-up menu, add a Hue/Saturation adjustment layer. In the dialog change the Edit menu to Yellows (to edit only the yellow areas). Drag the Saturation slider to the left to lower the saturation of the yellow in the teeth. Then change the Edit menu back to Master and drag the Lightness slider slightly to the right to do some overall brightening.



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