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Review questions

1How does Photoshop treat type?
2How is a text layer the same or different from other layers in Photoshop?
3What is a clipping mask and how do you make one from type?
4Describe two little-known ways to control type formatting in Photoshop.

Review answers

1Type in Photoshop consists of mathematically defined shapes that describe the letters, numbers, and symbols of a typeface. When you add type to an image in Photoshop, the characters are composed of pixels and have the same resolution as the image file. However, Photoshop preserves the vector-based type outlines and uses them when you scale or resize type, save a PDF or EPS file, or print the image to a PostScript printer.
2Type that is added to an image appears in the Layers palette as a text layer that can be edited and managed in the same way as any other kind of layer. You can add and edit the text, change the orientation of the type, and apply anti-aliasing as well as move, restack, copy, and edit layer options.
3A clipping mask is an object or group whose shape masks other artwork so that only areas that lie within the shape are visible. The letters on any text layer can be converted to a clipping mask by selecting both the text layer and the layer you want to show through the letters, and then choosing Create Clipping Mask from the Layers palette pop-up menu.
4Select text in the image window, and in the Character palette or on the Type tool options bar you can do the following:
  • Scrub the Size, Leading, Tracking, Kerning, Scaling, and Baseline Shift values.

  • Select some type in the image window, click the font displayed in the Font Family pop-up menu, and press the up and down arrow keys to cycle through the available fonts and watch them preview interactively in the image window.



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