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Part 1 - Pg. 161

161 Endnotes Part 1 1. Bulls are those who believe prices--of individual securities or the overall market--are headed higher, while bears are those who look for lower prices. Dogs are securities that have performed poorly in comparison to others. Dinosaurs are certain companies in mature industries. Spiders are a phonetic representation of SPDRs (Standard & Poor's Depositary Receipts), American Stock Exchange­listed securities designed to track moves in the well-known market index. Sharks are aggressive market operators who capitalize on the naivet of less-experienced investors. Broadly describing the widespread shift towards--and enthusiasm for--electronic commerce on the Internet, this ex- pression literally refers to the ".com' appendage found on the end of the addresses of most commercially oriented Web sites. This term was made famous by Alan Greenspan, long-serving Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board of Governors, during a 1996 speech that questioned whether investors had unduly boosted share values without regard to any of the potential downside risks. It was later the subject (and title) of a popular business book by Robert J. Shiller. Block trades are transactions of 10,000 shares or more. 2. 3. 4.