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Chapter 23. Maintaining and Optimizing S... > The Windows XP Command Line

The Windows XP Command Line

Despite the ease of use of the Windows graphical user interface, using the command-line interface remains a useful way to perform many maintenance, configuration, and diagnostic tasks. Many of the most important diagnostic tools such as ping, tracert, and nslookup are only available from the command line, unless you purchase third-party graphical add-ons to perform these functions. Using batch files remains a useful way to encapsulate common management functions; batch files (or shortcuts to batch files) can be placed in shared folders as a way of distributing management functions on a network. Together, command-line utilities and scripts run with either Windows Scripting Host (wscript.exe) or the command-line-based scripting host (cscript.exe) provide a complete set of building blocks from which you can build very high-level utilities if normal Windows commands aren’t sufficient for your needs.

The Windows XP command-line utilities include many of the same programs found in DOS and earlier versions of Windows. In many cases, the programs have been enhanced considerably. Utilities not found in DOS or Windows 9x are also available.


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