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Chapter 31. System Management and Config... > Using the Event Viewer and Log Files

Using the Event Viewer and Log Files

The Event Viewer is an administrative application that gives you a window into hardware, software, and system problems and monitors Windows 2000 security events. You can think of an event as any occurrence of significance to the operating system. Many internal system occurrences trigger the display of error message dialog boxes while Windows 2000 is running. For example, if a user attempts to access protected files or remove a printer over which he or she doesn't have control, a message usually appears. The same is true for an impending power-down, in the case of a UPS being triggered. Another example might be a message event generated from an application, such as when it starts a service or runs out of hard disk space.

As you know, Windows 2000 has an intelligent internal security design. So, as you might expect, numerous more subtle events than those described here can generate messages internal to the operating system that are not directly reported to the user. Events such as applications being run, drivers being loaded, or files being copied between directories are common examples. Though kept out of sight, these events are monitored and recorded in log files available for later examination by the system administrator. Many events are stored in the log by default. Others are optional and can be set within dialog boxes pertaining to specific operations. For example, if you open the Printers folder and choose Print Server Properties, Advanced, you'll see options for setting logging of printer errors. You will run across others from time to time as you work with Windows 2000.


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