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by Paul Sanna

Thank you for taking a look at Special Edition, Using Windows NT Workstation 4.0, Second Edition. We think this book offers a lot to people with both varying years and varying types of experience in Windows and PC software. For this second edition, we updated some information, removed some dated material, and added coverage of brand-new topics. In this edition, we're adding coverage of ActiveX, DCOM, a review of the Windows NT architecture, Internet Explorer 4.0, and more. Thanks again.

The aim of this book is to introduce you to Windows NT Workstation, as well as provide you with all of the information you'll ever need to configure and optimize the Windows NT Workstation system. At the same time, we're interested in teaching you how to take advantage of all of the features in Windows NT Workstation and make you as productive and efficient as possible.

So, what about Windows NT? With the release of version 4.0 of Windows NT, Microsoft has made the decision-process for users choosing an operating system much more difficult than ever before. Hmm, Windows 95 or Windows NT? Since the release of Windows 95, the party-line has been Windows 95 for the home or small-business user, and Windows NT as the high-powered, business-critical system. The new version of Windows NT, however, supports much of the desired at-home futures you may be looking for, such as multimedia and almost simple Internet support (plus the Windows 95 user interface).

However, the system has not lost any of its flexible, open, full 32-bit, secure, reliable, and fault-tolerant characteristics. The advice of this book: Windows NT. Read the book, for example, to find out how applications are shielded from one another, helping ensure that one crashed program does not bring down the rest of the operating system, but also read to see how to connect to the Internet and browse the World Wide Web in minutes.

Whom This Book Is For

It's easy to say this book is for anyone who uses Windows NT Workstation, but this really is the case. If you are a help-desk engineer, system or network administrator, or just the person whom everyone in your department asks for help, you'll find this book your ally. The book provides significant coverage of connectivity concepts, maintaining a workstation with multiple-users both on the workstation and on the network, as well as loads of troubleshooting information.

If you are a home user of Windows NT Workstation, you'll find information to help answer all of your questions. You'll find coverage of setting up new hardware, installing applications, and hints for finding more information about the system. The addition of Internet Explorer and almost simple access to the Internet in Windows NT makes the system a great choice for a family computer operating system, and you'll find all the help you need in the book.

Lastly, as a corporate user, you'll also benefit from the coverage of network issues. You might also find beneficial the chapters covering management of the services and devices in the system, configuring memory and multitasking, optimizing your system, and protecting its data.

If you are a manager in an organization considering moving to Windows NT Workstation, you'll find help in making your decision. Be sure to refer to the chapters describing Windows NT Workstation's support for different networks, issues regarding installation, especially converting from existing Windows applications, and some of the positioning information that appears in Chapter 1.

What This Book Thinks You Know

This book assumes you've used Windows before, but coverage of the basics is provided in Chapter 2, "Working in Windows NT 4.0." Still, if you haven't used Windows before, you may want to consider reading a primer on Windows. Be sure you understand some of the Windows basics, like using a mouse and recognizing the graphical elements that appear on the Windows screen. This book also assumes you know some basic PC hardware and software concepts, such as what an operating system is, or what a hard drive or RAM is. An excellent source of this type of information is Que's Upgrading and Repairing PCs, by Scott Meuller.

Your Windows NT Platform

Much of the development of this book and its focus is based on an x86-based system. This doesn't mean that the other platforms supported by Windows NT are ignored. Whenever appropriate, issues specific to the PowerPC and DEC Alpha AXP are covered.

How to Use This Book

A discussion of how to use this book really is based on how the book is designed. Like other books in the Que's Special Edition series, Special Edition Using Windows NT Workstation 4.0, Second Edition, is designed to provide useful, real-world information about the tasks you complete every day. You won't find coverage of every feature in Windows NT Workstation. You will find, however, detailed, informed instruction on the critical features and issues that determine your success in using the system.

Should you read this book from cover to cover? Why not? Do you have to? Certainly not. As you come across features and tasks in your everyday use of Windows NT Workstation, open the book and find out what the author of the chapter had to say. Perhaps you've seen a reference in one of the computer periodicals to some Windows NT feature. Use the index to track down the feature in this book and try putting the feature to work. Step-by-step procedures are included in many of the chapters. These procedures are generic, so even if you skim the rest of the material in the chapter, you can still gain some knowledge from following the how-to information. Perhaps you are about to start a project using one of the main features of Windows NT Workstation, such as using TCP/IP; read the chapter covering the feature in this book to become fully prepared.

What's in This Book

This section gives you a quick preview of each of the chapters in this book. If you are looking for a particular piece of information or procedure, you can get an idea from this section as to where to find it. Use the Table of Contents and the Index as well to help you find a specific piece of information you're looking for.

Part I: Introducing Windows NT Workstation 4.0

Chapter 1, "Understanding Windows NT Workstation 4.0," positions Windows NT Workstation for you. You'll learn about the major features in Windows NT Workstation, and a comparison to Windows NT Server also is included. You'll also learn how to progress from a powered-down computer to a system running Windows NT Workstation to which you are logged on. In this chapter, you'll learn how to log on to Windows NT Workstation, log off, change your password, and understand other startup and shutdown procedures. In addition, you'll learn what happens when your computer boots up Windows NT and how to troubleshoot some typical startup problems.

Chapter 2, "Working in Windows NT 4.0," shows you how to become productive using Windows. You're introduced to many of the new user interface features of Windows NT, including the Desktop and context menus, and how to complete common tasks in Windows NT.

Part II: Working with Windows NT

Chapter 3, "Printing and Setting Up Printers," covers everything you need to know about printing in Windows NT and setting up a printer.

Chapter 4, "Managing Disk Storage with the Disk Administrator," shows you how to work with Windows NT's tool for managing the hard disks on your computer. You learn how to create and delete partitions on your hard disks, and how to format them with either the FAT or NTFS file system.

Chapter 5, "Working with the Command Prompt," shows you how to work with a holdover from the days of DOS. Windows NT still supports some work at the command prompt— historically and affectionately known as the C-prompt—and this chapter shows you what commands you can use at the command prompt and how you use them.

Part III: Configuring Windows NT Workstation 4.0

Chapter 6, "Managing Memory, Multitasking, and System Options," helps you configure your operating system, such as specifying memory options, multitasking behavior, startup options, and hardware profiles.

Chapter 7, "Configuring Windows NT Workstation for Multimedia," shows you how to configure Windows NT for audio and video. Many of today's most exciting applications, including the World Wide Web on the Internet, use video and sound clips. You'll learn how to add a multi-media device, configure it to work with Windows NT, and how to use the multimedia accessories built into Windows NT.

Chapter 8, "Managing System Services and Devices," helps you understand the special programs that support hardware and other peripherals. These programs are known as services and devices. This chapter helps you understand the difference between services and devices, how to start, stop, and pause services and devices, and more.

Chapter 9, "Securing Windows NT Workstation," explains to you the Windows NT system for protecting your system from unwanted access by others. You'll learn about user accounts, groups of users, security policies, and auditing user activity.

Chapter 10, "Managing the Boot Process," helps you understand and configure what occurs when Windows NT Workstation starts up. You'll learn how to customize the boot process via working with BOOT.INI file, and you'll learn how to set up Windows NT to boot with a choice of Windows NT and another operating system.

Part IV: Working with Applications

Chapter 11, "Working with Applications," helps you understand how to run different types of applications in Windows NT. Windows 95 and Windows NT applications usually run without conflicts in Windows NT, but you can probably benefit from the details about configuring Windows NT to run finicky 16-bit applications, such as DOS and Windows 3.1 applications.

Chapter 12, "Using Windows NT Accessory Applications," helps you understand what accessories are available for Windows NT users.

Part V: Networking with Windows NT

Chapter 13, "Understanding Windows NT Network Services," provides detailed information about the different networks compatible with Windows NT. You learn general information about networks and connectivity, as well as the specifics about the different network operating systems and protocols you can use with Windows NT.

Chapter 14, "Configuring the Network at Your Workstation," provides you step-by-step instruction on getting your workstation to talk to a network. You'll find information on network adapters, protocols, and login scripts.

Chapter 15, "Managing Shared Resources," shows you how to control access to the resources on your system, including CD-ROM players, files, directories, and printers.

Chapter 16, "Integrating Windows NT in Novell Environments," shows you how to integrate your Windows NT Workstation into a Novell NetWare LAN/WAN.

Part VI: Going Online with Windows NT Workstation

Chapter 17, "Installing and Configuring a Modem," explains how to add and configure a modem to Windows NT. You also learn about the new Unimodem support added to Windows NT.

Chapter 18, "Using Dial-Up Networking," gives you instruction in connecting Windows NT to remote networks, such as the Internet, or the LAN used at your office.

Chapter 19, "Configuring TCP/IP," is a chapter for anyone who plans to use Windows NT Workstation to work with the Internet. TCP/IP is the network protocol of the Internet, and it also is used to communicate with certain types of other computers. This chapter explains TCP/IP concepts and explains how to configure it.

Chapter 20, "Using Windows NT with the Internet," explains concepts and procedures for another of today's hottest topics: the Internet. This chapter provides you with an overview of the Internet, explains how to find an Internet Service Provider, how to set up Windows NT to connect to the Internet from either your home or office, and then how to establish a connection to the Internet.

Chapter 21, "Using Internet Explorer, Mail, and News," shows you how to use the three Internet tools for Windows NT. You'll learn how to integrate the tools with your Windows NT desktop, as well as how to navigate through the Web and Web sites.

Chapter 22, "Using Peer Web Services," focuses on one of the hottest topics in the PC business: intranets. Windows NT Workstation includes features that let workstation systems act as Internet servers for other networked computers. This chapter shows you how to configure Peer Web Services and provide Internet service to other computers.

Chapter 23, "Configuring Windows Messaging Services," explains how to configure and use Exchange. This program lets you send and receive mail with a number of different mail providers, including the Internet and Microsoft Mail.

Chapter 24, "Using Windows Messaging," covers how to receive and send messages using Exchange Client. This chapter prepares you for exchanging messages with all of the mail providers you've configured Exchange Client to work with.

Chapter 25, "Using HyperTerminal," explains how to connect to other online sources; other referring to non-Internet. A number of great online sources of information are available—computer bulletin boards, for example—and this chapter explains how to configure HyperTerminal to connect and talk to these sources.

Part VII: Optimizing and Protecting Windows NT Workstation

Chapter 26, "Understanding Windows NT Architecture," provides you with a review of the internals of Windows NT Workstation. You'll learn how the system runs from the inside out, giving you a better understanding how the operating system works in general.

Chapter 27, "Understanding DDE, OLE, DCOM, and ActiveX," gives you an overview of the newest and most important technologies integrated into Windows NT.

Chapter 28, "Working with the Registry," can help the so-called power user learn how to configure Windows NT Workstation systems using the system registry. The Registry is a special database that stores information about your Windows NT system and the software you install in it.

Chapter 29, "Using the Event Viewer," gives you insight into one of the many powerful system administration tools built into Windows NT Workstation. You learn what system events are recorded in the system log, as well as how to understand the information the event log presents you.

Chapter 30, "Optimizing Windows NT Workstation Performance," explains the factors that impact Windows NT Workstation's performance, the methods and tools to monitor performance of your system, and both strategies and tactics for maintaining and improving its performance.

Chapter 31, "Protecting Your Workstation," provides very practical advice for better protecting the most important resource on your Windows NT Workstation: your data. Among the areas covered are use of a UPS, real-world advice for backing up your system, and discussion about computer virus protection.

Chapter 32, "Using the Diagnostics Tool," shows you how to use an important tool that comes free with Windows NT. You'll learn how to get the information you need from the Diagnostics Tool, as well as how to understand some of the complicated data the tool provides you.


Appendix A, "Installing Windows NT Workstation," shows you how to plan and prepare for the installation of Windows NT, and then how to execute the steps to install the operating system. There a few strategic decisions you need to make about your Windows NT system before you install it. It is best to take a look at this appendix so you are prepared for the questions the install program asks you.

Appendix B, "Maintaining Windows NT with Service Packs," Microsoft uses service packs to maintain Windows NT Workstation (and Windows NT Server). These packs contains bug fixes and enhancements. This appendix explains where to find service packs and how to apply them.

Appendix C, "Where to Get More Information," provides a road map to many other sources for information about NT Workstation.

Appendix D, "Transporting Files with Briefcase," is an important stop for anyone running Windows NT on a mobile PC. The Briefcase applet helps users keep synchronized copies of documents they bring on the road or home with the central versions you keep in your main office. This appendix shows you how to create and use a briefcase.

Appendix E, "Customizing the Windows NT UI," shows you how to customize various elements of the Windows NT user interface. You'll find coverage in this appendix of desktop background, colors, fonts, mouse settings, the keyboard, screen savers, date and time formats, and regional settings.

Appendix F, "Workstation Certification," helps you understand the prerequisites and examination involved in becoming a Windows NT Workstation expert, certified by Microsoft, and recognized across the industry.

Appendix G, "What's on the CD?," provides you with a quick overview of the Microsoft TechNet software found on the CD included with this book.

Conventions Used in This Book

The Windows interface presents an interesting challenge in trying to present written instruction about a graphical environment that keys off of pictures and colors. This section shows you some of the elements and conventions used in the book that help convey the topics about Windows NT Workstation and related Windows variables.

Special Elements

In this book, you'll find a number of special graphical elements to call your attention to different kinds of information. For example, you'll find boxes interspersed throughout the text in chapters pointing out useful tips and information relevant to the section of the chapter where they're located. Examples with descriptions of these elements follow in this section:

On the Web

The On the Web reference points you to World Wide Web sites that are particular to the subject matter you are reading. Que's Web site is:



A note provides you with information relevant to the topic where it is located but not critical to the mission of the chapter.


Tips are included in the book to provide time-saving, practical advice that probably is not covered in the documentation shipped with the product.


Wherever you risk losing data or harming your system, a caution like this one will appear in the book. Be on the lookout for this type of element.

Troubleshooting Tip

Does this book help me solve some of the odd, unexpected problems I run into when using Windows NT Workstation? In each chapter, you'll find numerous examples of troublesome behavior that you may encounter in Windows NT Workstation. These examples are found in their own Troubleshooting sections, and resolution of these problems is always included.

Lastly, you will find references to other parts of the book throughout each chapter. These cross-references point to relevant information in other chapters, and they appear in the margin of pages in each chapter.

Typeface Conventions

Special typeface styles are used to indicate special text. These typeface conventions are described in the following table:

Typeface Use
Italic Italic is used to indicate new terminology, such as client/server. Italic is used to express variables whose value you fill in, such as "copy the files to the USER\your name directory."
Bold Bold is used to represent text that you enter in the system.
Monospace The monospace typeface is used to represent messages you see on the screen or information presented at the command prompt.
Underscore This effect is reserved for representing the keyboard accelerator for a command.

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