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Chapter 1.2. Introduction to Active Dire... > Organization of Active Directory

Organization of Active Directory

Active Directory refers to both the Directory (the data about users, computers, and various other objects) and the Directory service itself (the application that runs on a Domain Controller and provides access to the Directory data). This section focuses on how the Directory is organized—that is, the hierarchical and topological models that are used to organize the information in the Directory. "Going Deeper: Domain Controllers and Active Directory," later in this chapter, will explain the distributed nature of the Directory database and its physical storage on Domain Controllers.

Building Blocks of Active Directory

In order to maintain compatibility with the LDAP standard, Active Directory uses a simplified version of the X.500 information model to represent the path to objects in Active Directory. Each Windows 2000 Domain has both a Domain Name System (DNS) name (for LDAP access) and a NetBIOS name (for backward-compatibility).


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