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Part: V Appendices > Troubleshooting Tools for Transmission Control Protocol/In...

Troubleshooting Tools for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

The TCP/IP suite is considered a suite because it encompasses not just TCP and IP, but many other protocols, services, and applications as well. Part of this suite includes several useful tools that can be used for testing your TCP/IP configuration and troubleshooting remote connectivity. In the next few sections, you will learn about how to use some of these tools supplied with Windows XP.

Using ping and tracert

The two most commonly used tools you will find in the TCP/IP suite are the ping and tracert (trace route) commands. The ping command simply sends an ICMP ECHO request message to a remote computer and lets you know if it receives a reply from the remote computer, along with some statistical information such as the number of milliseconds it took for the round trip. The tracert command will also use ICMP ECHO REQUEST messages but will manipulate the value of the TTL field so that it can discover each router or other device that lies in the path between your computer and the remote computer.


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