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Lesson 13. Using My Network Places > About Clients and Servers

About Clients and Servers

Modern computer networks are based on a client/server model, in which some computers are servers and others are clients. Servers make certain network resources available to the rest of the computers on the network. Those other computers, when they are accessing resources made available by a server, are clients. Both the server and client computers generally have to run special software that enables them to work with each other, although often the client and server functions are built right into the operating system.

The most common kinds of servers include file servers, print servers, communication servers, and application servers. File servers store users' files in one place. They usually have lots of disk capacity. Users are allotted some amount of that space for their personal file storage needs. The rest of it may be allotted for shared file storage. The shared files may be files that users create and make available to each other. Or they may be programs that are available to all users. A big benefit of storing files centrally this way is that one can back them up more easily and reliably than if they are stored on local workstations.


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