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Chapter 31. Implementing TCP/IP for Inte... > Wielding the TCP/IP Utilities

Wielding the TCP/IP Utilities

Windows 98 TCP/IP comes with a few utilities you can use to review your TCP/IP settings and troubleshoot problems. Here's a list of the available utilities:

ARP: This DOS command displays (or modifies) the IP-to-Ethernet or IP-to-Token Ring address translation tables used by the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) in TCP/IP. Enter the command arp -? for the syntax.

NBTSTAT: This DOS command displays the protocol statistics and the current TCP/IP connections using NBT (NetBIOS over TCP/IP). Enter nbtstat -? for the syntax.

NETSTAT: This DOS command displays the protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections. The command netstat -? displays the syntax.

PING: This DOS command can check a network connection to a remote computer. This is one of the most commonly used TCP/IP diagnostic tools, so I describe it in more detail in the next section.

ROUTE: This DOS command can be used to manipulate a network routing table (HOSTS). Enter route -? for the syntax.

TRACERT: This DOS command can check the route taken to a remote host. I'll explain this valuable diagnostic command in more detail later.

WINIPCFG: This Windows 98 utility displays the current TCP/IP network configuration. Select Start | Run, enter winipcfg, and click OK to display the IP Configuration window. For each installed network adapter, this window tells you the adapter's physical address, IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway. Click More Info>> to expand the window, as shown in Figure 31.12.


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