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Chapter 23. The vi Editor > Interacting with the Shell

23.9. Interacting with the Shell

Command Action
:r file Read in contents of file after cursor.
:r !command Read in output from command after current line.
:nr !command Like preceding, but place after line n (0 for top of file).
:!command Run command, then return.
!object command Send object, indicated by a movement command, as input to shell command command; replace object with command output.
:n1,n2! command Send lines n1 through n2 to command; replace with output.
n!!command Send n lines to command; replace with output.
!! Repeat last system command.
!!command Replace current line with output of command.
:sh Create subshell; return to file with EOF.
Ctrl-Z Suspend editor; resume with fg.
:so file Read and execute ex commands from file.



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