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Chapter 23. The vi Editor > Window Commands

23.8. Window Commands

The following table lists common commands for controlling windows in vim. See also the split, vsplit, and resize commands in Chapter 28. For brevity, control characters are marked in the following list by ^.

Command Action
:new Open a new window.
:new file Open file in a new window.
:sp file Split the current window.
:svfile Same as :sp, but make new window read-only.
:snfile Edit next file in new window.
:clo Close current window.
:hid Hide current window, unless it is the only visible window.
:on Make current window the only visible one.
:res n Resize window to n lines.
:wa Write all changed buffers to file.
:qa Close all buffers and exit.
^W s Same as :sp.
^W n Same as :new.
^W ^ Open new window with alternate (previously edited) file.
^W c Same as :clo.
^W o Same as :only.
^W j, ^W k Move cursor to next/previous window.
^W p Move cursor to previous window.
^W h, ^W l Move cursor to window on left/right.
^W t, ^W b Move cursor to window on top/bottom of screen.
^W K, ^W B Move current window to top/bottom of screen.
^W H, ^W L Move current window to far left/right of screen.
^W r, ^W R Rotate windows down/up.
^W +, ^W - Increase/decrease current window size.
^W = Make all windows same height.



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