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Chapter 2. Using Windows XP > Files, Folders, and Disks

2.8. Files, Folders, and Disks

Files are the basic unit of long-term storage on a computer. Files are organized into folders, which are stored on disks. (In DOS, Unix, and earlier versions of Windows, folders were more often referred to as directories, but both terms are still used.) This section reviews fundamental filesystem concepts, including file- and disk-naming conventions and file types.

2.8.1. Disk Names

Like every version of Windows that preceded it, Windows XP retains the basic DOSdisk-naming conventions. Drives are differentiated by a single letter of the alphabet followed by a colon:


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