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Back Matter > Miscellaneous Features

Miscellaneous Features

This is a list of common features or actions you were familiar with in Mac OS 9 or previous versions and where they have gone to in OS X.

Application menu: The Application menu as we knew it in previous operating systems is gone, but the Dock takes its place. See Chapter 8.

  • Use the Dock to switch between applications (fondly called “apps”)—just click once on the icon for any open app.

  • Or press Command Tab to switch between open apps; when you let go of both keys, the selected application (as shown in the Dock) will come forward. This even works when you are using an application in the Classic environment. Press Shift Command Tab to return to the previous application.

Hide or Show other applications: Just to the right of the Apple menu is the name of the currently active application. In that menu you’ll find the commands to “Hide Others” and “Show All.”

Empty Trash: Press and hold the mouse button on the Trash basket and you’ll get a little pop-up menu to “Empty Trash.” If you empty the trash this way, you won’t get the warning message. If you use the “Empty Trash” command in the Finder menu or press Command Shift Delete to empty the trash, you will get a warning message. To turn off the warning, go to the Finder menu and choose “Preferences....”

Shut Down: From the Apple Menu, choose “Shut Down.” On some keyboards, you can press Control Eject (the Eject key is the one in the top-right on newer keyboards; it has a triangle over a bar).

Restart: From the Apple Menu, choose “Restart.”

Sleep: From the Apple Menu, choose “Sleep.” To set the sleep conditions, use the Energy Saver preferences pane.

Force quit in OS X: There are several ways to force quit, and they won’t even make your entire computer crash.

  • Press Command Option Escape. From the little menu that appears, choose the application name and click “Force Quit.”

  • Or hold down the Option key, click the app icon in the Dock, then choose “Force Quit” from the pop-up menu that appears.

  • Or if possible, go to the Apple Menu and choose “Force Quit....” From the little menu that appears, choose the app and click “Force Quit.”

Force quit Classic: Use the technique above. Or open the System Preferences window, click the “Classic” icon, then the “Force Quit” button.

Rebuild the Desktop: You cannot rebuild the Desktop in OS X, but you can rebuild the OS 9 Desktop: In the Classic preferences pane, click the “Advanced” tab, then click the “Rebuild Desktop” button. The Mac will rebuild the Desktop immediately—you don’t have to restart.

Aliases: Aliases work pretty much the same. Use the same keyboard shortcuts you are familiar with (except to make an alias in the same window is Command L, not Command M). You can still Command-Option-drag to create an alias in a new folder or on the Desktop, and find an original with Command R. See Chapter 23.

The name of an alias is no longer in italic. You see a tiny (very tiny) arrow in the bottomleft corner.

Favorites: These are all stored in the Favorites window; click on the red heart in any Finder window Toolbar to open the Favorites window, or press Command Option F. You can also access a submenu of Favorites from the Go menu, and you’ll find them in the Save As and Open dialog boxes. See Chapter 23.

Startup Disk: There is a Startup Disk preferences pane where you can choose to start up your Mac with OS 9 or OS X. On some machines (G4s, iBooks, slot-loading iMacs, and PowerBooks with FireWire) you can hold down the Option key when you turn on the Mac and you’ll get a choice of which operating system to boot with if you installed OS X and OS 9 on two separate partitions.

Startup Items: There is a “StartupItems” folder, but don’t touch it. Use the Login Items preferences pane to choose which applications or documents will open on login. See Chapter 20.

Control Strip: Use the Dock. To access your most-used preference panes more easily, drag their icons to the Toolbar in the System Preferences window (you can’t drag them to a Finder window, the Dock, or to the Desktop. Dang.)

Print the window: Take a screen shot with the tricks explained on page 476 or use the Grab utility, then print the screen shot.

Get Info windows: Select the icon, then from the File menu, choose “Get Info,” or use the Command I shortcut. Depending on the file you select, there are more options now in the Info window—you can even see a preview of a graphic file or watch a movie! You can specify which applications open which sorts of documents, change the sharing privileges, and more. See pages 477–479.

If you press Command Option I, the Get Info window is the Show Inspector window and will change its content depending on what you click on. Try it.

Memory allocation and virtual memory: Mac OS X uses completely different memory management than previous operating systems. There is no Memory control panel; you cannot allocate memory to individual OS X applications; you cannot turn off virtual memory; you cannot set up a RAM disk. You can, however, still change the memory allocation of Classic (OS 9) applications as usual, using Show Info.

Spring-loaded folders: Press the Spacebar to spring open a folder. Customize the specs: from the Finder menu, choose “Preferences....”

Tabbed windows: Gone. But you can put folders in the Dock.

Labels: Gone.



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