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1.3. Netscape

Jim Clark, the highly successful founder of Silicon Graphics, Inc. (SGI), saw commercial possibilities in Mosaic and the Web, so in April 1994 he created Mosaic Communications Corporation (after wooing Marc Andreessen and several other former employees of NCSA), intending to create, market, and sell web browsers, web servers, and associated services and software. On October 13, 1994, the fledging company released the first public beta of its new browser, called Mosaic Netscape. The browser was available at no cost to individuals and academic users and at a cost of $99 per user to businesses (that seems like a crazy price now, but remember that this was 1994, when the Web was new and before Microsoft had made free browsers the norm). The University of Illinois complained, however, that it held a trademark on "Mosaic," forcing Clark and Andreessen to change the name of their company to Netscape Communications Corporation in November 1994.

Stealing the spotlight

Netscape and Internet Explorer soon took all the attention away from Mosaic-so much so that NCSA stopped all development on Mosaic in January 1997, long after the browser had stopped being widely used.


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