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Tables

3.1 White-space characters 26

3.2 Escape sequences in literal strings 30

3.3 Examples of literal names using the # character 33

3.4 Entries common to all stream dictionaries 38

3.5 Standard filters 43

3.6 Typical LZW encoding sequence 49

3.7 Optional parameters for LZWDecode and FlateDecode filters 50

3.8 Predictor values 52

3.9 Optional parameters for the CCITTFaxDecode filter 54

3.10 Optional parameter for the JBIG2Decode filter 58

3.11 Optional parameter for the DCTDecode filter 61

3.12 Optional parameters for Crypt filters 66

3.13 Entries in the file trailer dictionary 73

3.14 Additional entries specific to an object stream dictionary 77

3.15 Additional entries specific to a cross-reference stream dictionary 83

3.16 Entries in a cross-reference stream 85

3.17 Additional entries in a hybrid-reference file's trailer dictionary 86

3.18 Entries common to all encryption dictionaries 92

3.19 Additional encryption dictionary entries for the standard security handler 98

3.20 User access permissions 99

3.21 Additional encryption dictionary entries for public-key security handlers 105

3.22 Entries common to all crypt filter dictionaries 108

3.23 Standard crypt filter names 109

3.24 Additional crypt filter dictionary entries for public-key security handlers 109

3.25 Entries in the catalog dictionary 114

3.26 Required entries in a page tree node 118

3.27 Entries in a page object 119

3.28 Entries in the name dictionary 125

3.29 Compatibility operators 127

3.30 Entries in a resource dictionary 129

3.31 PDF data types 131

3.32 Entries in a name tree node dictionary 135

3.33 Entries in a number tree node dictionary 139

3.34 Entries common to all function dictionaries 141

3.35 Additional entries specific to a type 0 function dictionary 143

3.36 Additional entries specific to a type 2 function dictionary 146

3.37 Additional entries specific to a type 3 function dictionary 147

3.38 Operators in type 4 functions 149

3.39 Examples of file specifications 154

3.40 Entries in a file specification dictionary 155

3.41 Additional entries in an embedded file stream dictionary 158

3.42 Entries in an embedded file parameter dictionary 158

3.43 Entries in a Mac OS file information dictionary 159

4.1 Operator categories 166

4.2 Device-independent graphics state parameters 180

4.3 Device-dependent graphics state parameters 182

4.4 Line cap styles 186

4.5 Line join styles 186

4.6 Examples of line dash patterns 188

4.7 Graphics state operators 189

4.8 Entries in a graphics state parameter dictionary 190

4.9 Path construction operators 196

4.10 Path-painting operators 200

4.11 Clipping path operators 205

4.12 Color space families 207

4.13 Entries in a CalGray color space dictionary 216

4.14 Entries in a CalRGB color space dictionary 218

4.15 Entries in a Lab color space dictionary 221

4.16 Additional entries specific to an ICC profile stream dictionary 223

4.17 ICC specification versions supported by ICCBased color spaces 223

4.18 ICC profile types 224

4.19 Ranges for typical ICC color spaces 225

4.20 Rendering intents 231

4.21 Entries in a DeviceN color space attributes dictionary 242

4.22 Entries in a DeviceN process dictionary 244

4.23 Entries in a DeviceN mixing hints dictionary 244

4.24 Color operators 257

4.25 Additional entries specific to a type 1 pattern dictionary 262

4.26 Entries in a type 2 pattern dictionary 272

4.27 Shading operator 273

4.28 Entries common to all shading dictionaries 275

4.29 Additional entries specific to a type 1 shading dictionary 278

4.30 Additional entries specific to a type 2 shading dictionary 279

4.31 Additional entries specific to a type 3 shading dictionary 281

4.32 Additional entries specific to a type 4 shading dictionary 285

4.33 Additional entries specific to a type 5 shading dictionary 290

4.34 Additional entries specific to a type 6 shading dictionary 294

4.35 Data values in a Coons patch mesh 297

4.36 Data values in a tensor-product patch mesh 301

4.37 XObject operator 302

4.38 Additional entries specific to a PostScript XObject dictionary 303

4.39 Additional entries specific to an image dictionary 310

4.40 Default Decode arrays 315

4.41 Entries in an alternate image dictionary 317

4.42 Inline image operators 322

4.43 Entries in an inline image object 323

4.44 Additional abbreviations in an inline image object 323

4.45 Additional entries specific to a type 1 form dictionary 328

4.46 Entries common to all group attributes dictionaries 331

4.47 Entries in a reference dictionary 332

4.48 Entries in an optional content group dictionary 334

4.49 Entries in an optional content membership dictionary 336

4.50 Entries in the optional content properties dictionary 345

4.51 Entries in an optional content configuration dictionary 346

4.52 Entries in an optional content usage dictionary 350

4.53 Entries in a usage application dictionary 352

5.1 Text state parameters 367

5.2 Text state operators 368

5.3 Text rendering modes 372

5.4 Text object operators 375

5.5 Text-positioning operators 376

5.6 Text-showing operators 377

5.7 Font types 381

5.8 Entries in a Type 1 font dictionary 383

5.9 Entries in a Type 3 font dictionary 390

5.10 Type 3 font operators 392

5.11 Entries in an encoding dictionary 397

5.12 Differences between MacRomanEncoding and Mac OS Roman encoding 402

5.13 Entries in a CIDSystemInfo dictionary 406

5.14 Entries in a CIDFont dictionary 407

5.15 Predefined CJK CMap names 412

5.16 Character collections for predefined CMaps, by PDF version 416

5.17 Additional entries in a CMap dictionary 419

5.18 Entries in a Type 0 font dictionary 423

5.19 Entries common to all font descriptors 426

5.20 Font flags 429

5.21 Additional font descriptor entries for CIDFonts 431

5.22 Glyph classes in CJK fonts 433

5.23 Embedded font organization for various font types 436

5.24 Additional entries in an embedded font stream dictionary 437

6.1 Predefined spot functions 459

6.2 PDF halftone types 466

6.3 Entries in a type 1 halftone dictionary 467

6.4 Additional entries specific to a type 6 halftone dictionary 469

6.5 Additional entries specific to a type 10 halftone dictionary 472

6.6 Additional entries specific to a type 16 halftone dictionary 474

6.7 Entries in a type 5 halftone dictionary 475

7.1 Variables used in the basic compositing formula 488

7.2 Standard separable blend modes 491

7.3 Standard nonseparable blend modes 493

7.4 Variables used in the source shape and opacity formulas 496

7.5 Variables used in the result shape and opacity formulas 497

7.6 Revised variables for the basic compositing formulas 501

7.7 Arguments and results of the group compositing function 503

7.8 Variables used in the group compositing formulas 505

7.9 Variables used in the page group compositing formulas 511

7.10 Entries in a soft-mask dictionary 521

7.11 Restrictions on the entries in a soft-mask image dictionary 523

7.12 Additional entry in a soft-mask image dictionary 524

7.13 Additional entries specific to a transparency group attributes dictionary 525

7.14 Overprinting behavior in the opaque imaging model 539

7.15 Overprinting behavior in the transparent imaging model 540

8.1 Entries in a viewer preferences dictionary 548

8.2 Destination syntax 552

8.3 Entries in the outline dictionary 554

8.4 Entries in an outline item dictionary 555

8.5 Outline item flags 556

8.6 Entries in a page label dictionary 559

8.7 Entries in a thread dictionary 561

8.8 Entries in a bead dictionary 561

8.9 Entries in a transition dictionary 563

8.10 Entries in a navigation node dictionary 567

8.11 Entries common to all annotation dictionaries 570

8.12 Annotation flags 573

8.13 Entries in a border style dictionary 576

8.14 Entries in a border effect dictionary 577

8.15 Entries in an appearance dictionary 579

8.16 Annotation types 580

8.17 Additional entries specific to markup annotations 583

8.18 Annotation states 585

8.19 Additional entries specific to a text annotation 586

8.20 Additional entries specific to a link annotation 587

8.21 Additional entries specific to a free text annotation 589

8.22 Additional entries specific to a line annotation 590

8.23 Line ending styles 593

8.24 Additional entries specific to a square or circle annotation 594

8.25 Additional entries specific to a polygon or polyline annotation 595

8.26 Additional entries specific to text markup annotations 596

8.27 Additional entries specific to a caret annotation 597

8.28 Additional entries specific to a rubber stamp annotation 598

8.29 Additional entries specific to an ink annotation 598

8.30 Additional entries specific to a pop-up annotation 599

8.31 Additional entries specific to a file attachment annotation 600

8.32 Additional entries specific to a sound annotation 601

8.33 Additional entries specific to a movie annotation 601

8.34 Additional entries specific to a screen annotation 602

8.35 Additional entries specific to a widget annotation 603

8.36 Entries in an appearance characteristics dictionary 604

8.37 Additional entries specific to a watermark annotation 606

8.38 Entries in a fixed print dictionary 607

8.39 Entries common to all action dictionaries 610

8.40 Entries in an annotation's additional-actions dictionary 611

8.41 Entries in a page object's additional-actions dictionary 612

8.42 Entries in a form field's additional-actions dictionary 612

8.43 Entries in the document catalog's additional-actions dictionary 613

8.44 Action types 615

8.45 Additional entries specific to a go-to action 616

8.46 Additional entries specific to a remote go-to action 617

8.47 Additional entries specific to an embedded go-to action 618

8.48 Entries specific to a target dictionary 619

8.49 Additional entries specific to a launch action 622

8.50 Entries in a Windows launch parameter dictionary 622

8.51 Additional entries specific to a thread action 623

8.52 Additional entries specific to a URI action 624

8.53 Entry in a URI dictionary 625

8.54 Additional entries specific to a sound action 625

8.55 Additional entries specific to a movie action 627

8.56 Additional entries specific to a hide action 628

8.57 Named actions 628

8.58 Additional entries specific to named actions 629

8.59 Additional entries specific to a set-OCG-state action 629

8.60 Additional entries specific to a rendition action 631

8.61 Additional entries specific to a transition action 632

8.62 Additional entries specific to a go-to-3D-view action 633

8.63 Entries in the interactive form dictionary 635

8.64 Signature flags 636

8.65 Entries common to all field dictionaries 637

8.66 Field flags common to all field types 638

8.67 Additional entries common to all fields containing variable text 640

8.68 XHTML Elements used in rich text strings 642

8.69 Attributes of the <body> element 643

8.70 CSS2 style attributes used in rich text strings 644

8.71 Field flags specific to button fields 648

8.72 Additional entry specific to check box and radio button fields 650

8.73 Field flags specific to text fields 653

8.74 Additional entry specific to a text field 654

8.75 Field flags specific to choice fields 656

8.76 Additional entries specific to a choice field 657

8.77 Additional entries specific to a signature field 659

8.78 Entries in a signature field lock dictionary 659

8.79 Entries in a signature field seed value dictionary 660

8.80 Entries in a certificate seed value dictionary 661

8.81 Additional entries specific to a submit-form action 662

8.82 Flags for submit-form actions 663

8.83 Additional entries specific to a reset-form action 667

8.84 Flag for reset-form actions 667

8.85 Additional entries specific to an import-data action 668

8.86 Additional entries specific to a JavaScript action 668

8.87 Entry in the FDF trailer dictionary 672

8.88 Entries in the FDF catalog dictionary 673

8.89 Entries in the FDF dictionary 673

8.90 Additional entry in an embedded file stream dictionary for an encrypted FDF file 675

8.91 Entries in the JavaScript dictionary 676

8.92 Entries in an FDF field dictionary 677

8.93 Entries in an icon fit dictionary 679

8.94 Entries in an FDF page dictionary 680

8.95 Entries in an FDF template dictionary 680

8.96 Entries in an FDF named page reference dictionary 681

8.97 Additional entry for annotation dictionaries in an FDF file 681

8.98 Entries in a signature dictionary 686

8.99 Entries in a signature reference dictionary 689

8.100 Entries in the DocMDP transform parameters dictionary 692

8.101 Entries in the UR transform parameters dictionary 693

8.102 Entries in the FieldMDP transform parameters dictionary 695

8.103 Entries in a permissions dictionary 700

8.104 Entries in a legal attestation dictionary 701

8.105 Entries in a viewport dictionary 704

8.106 Entries in a measure dictionary 705

8.107 Additional entries in a rectilinear measure dictionary 705

8.108 Entries in a number format dictionary 707

9.1 Entries common to all rendition dictionaries 716

9.2 Entries in a rendition MH/BE dictionary 716

9.3 Entries in a media criteria dictionary 716

9.4 Entries in a minimum bit depth dictionary 717

9.5 Entries in a minimum screen size dictionary 718

9.6 Additional entries in a media rendition dictionary 719

9.7 Additional entries specific to a selector rendition dictionary 719

9.8 Entries common to all media clip dictionaries 720

9.9 Additional entries in a media clip data dictionary 720

9.10 Entries in a media permissions dictionary 722

9.11 Entries in a media clip data MH/BE dictionary 723

9.12 Additional entries in a media clip section dictionary 723

9.13 Entries in a media clip section MH/BE dictionary 725

9.14 Entries in a media play parameters dictionary 725

9.15 Entries in a media play parameters MH/BE dictionary 726

9.16 Entries in a media duration dictionary 727

9.17 Entries in a media screen parameters dictionary 728

9.18 Entries in a media screen parameters MH/BE dictionary 728

9.19 Entries in a floating window parameters dictionary 730

9.20 Entries common to all media offset dictionaries 732

9.21 Additional entries in a media offset time dictionary 732

9.22 Additional entries in a media offset frame dictionary 732

9.23 Additional entries in a media offset marker dictionary 732

9.24 Entries in a timespan dictionary 733

9.25 Entries in a media players dictionary 734

9.26 Entries in a media player info dictionary 735

9.27 Entries in a software identifier dictionary 736

9.28 Monitor specifier values 738

9.29 Additional entries specific to a sound object 739

9.30 Entries in a movie dictionary 741

9.31 Entries in a movie activation dictionary 742

9.32 Entries in a slideshow dictionary 744

9.33 Additional entries specific to a 3D annotation 747

9.34 Entries in a 3D activation dictionary 750

9.35 Additional entries in a 3D stream dictionary 752

9.36 Entries in a 3D reference dictionary 754

9.37 Entries in a 3D view dictionary 757

9.38 Entries in a projection dictionary 760

9.39 Entries in a 3D background dictionary 764

10.1 Predefined procedure sets 770

10.2 Entries in the document information dictionary 772

10.3 Additional entries in a metadata stream dictionary 774

10.4 Additional entry for components having metadata 774

10.5 Entries in a page-piece dictionary 777

10.6 Entries in an application data dictionary 777

10.7 Marked-content operators 779

10.8 Entries in the mark information dictionary 785

10.9 Entries in the structure tree root 786

10.10 Entries in a structure element dictionary 787

10.11 Entries in a marked-content reference dictionary 792

10.12 Entries in an object reference dictionary 796

10.13 Additional dictionary entries for structure element access 798

10.14 Entry common to all attribute object dictionaries 801

10.15 Additional entries in an attribute object dictionary for user properties 804

10.16 Entries in a user property dictionary 805

10.17 Property list entries for artifacts 814

10.18 Derivation of font characteristics 821

10.19 Font Selector Attributes 822

10.20 Standard structure types for grouping elements 828

10.21 Block-level structure elements 830

10.22 Standard structure types for paragraphlike elements 830

10.23 Standard structure types for list elements 831

10.24 Standard structure types for table elements 832

10.25 Standard structure types for inline-level structure elements 834

10.26 Standard structure types for Ruby and Warichu elements (PDF 1.5) 840

10.27 Standard structure types for illustration elements 841

10.28 Standard attribute owners 843

10.29 Standard layout attributes 845

10.30 Standard layout attributes common to all standard structure types 846

10.31 Additional standard layout attributes specific to block-level structure elements 851

10.32 Standard layout attributes specific to inline-level structure elements 855

10.33 Standard column attributes 861

10.34 Standard list attribute 862

10.35 Standard table attributes 863

10.36 Entries in the Web Capture information dictionary 874

10.37 Entries common to all Web Capture content sets 882

10.38 Additional entries specific to a Web Capture page set 882

10.39 Additional entries specific to a Web Capture image set 883

10.40 Entries in a source information dictionary 884

10.41 Entries in a URL alias dictionary 885

10.42 Entries in a Web Capture command dictionary 886

10.43 Web Capture command flags 887

10.44 Entries in a Web Capture command settings dictionary 888

10.45 Entries in a box color information dictionary 895

10.46 Entries in a box style dictionary 895

10.47 Additional entries specific to a printer's mark annotation 896

10.48 Additional entries specific to a printer's mark form dictionary 896

10.49 Entries in a separation dictionary 897

10.50 Entries in a PDF/X output intent dictionary 899

10.51 Additional entries specific to a trap network annotation 905

10.52 Additional entries specific to a trap network appearance stream 906

10.53 Entry in an OPI version dictionary 907

10.54 Entries in a version 1.3 OPI dictionary 908

10.55 Entries in a version 2.0 OPI dictionary 911

A.1 PDF content stream operators 913

C.1 Architectural limits 920

D.1 Latin-text encodings 924

F.1 Entries in the linearization parameter dictionary 947

F.2 Standard hint tables 951

F.3 Page offset hint table, header section 959

F.4 Page offset hint table, per-page entry 960

F.5 Shared object hint table, header section 962

F.6 Shared object hint table, shared object group entry 963

F.7 Thumbnail hint table, header section 964

F.8 Thumbnail hint table, per-page entry 965

F.9 Generic hint table 966

F.10 Extended generic hint table 967

F.11 Embedded file stream hint table, header section 968

F.12 Embedded file stream hint table, per-embedded file stream group entries 968

G.1 Objects in minimal example 976

G.2 Objects in simple text string example 978

G.3 Objects in simple graphics example 980

G.4 Object usage after adding four text annotations 993

G.5 Object usage after deleting two text annotations 996

G.6 Object usage after adding three text annotations 998

H.1 Abbreviations for standard filter names 1007

H.2 Acrobat behavior with unknown filters 1007

H.3 Names of standard fonts 1015

H.4 Recommended media types 1028

I.1 Data added to object digest for basic object types 1038

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