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Section D.1. Latin Character Set and Encodings

D.1. Latin Character Set and Encodings

CHARNAMECHAR CODE (OCTAL)
STDMACWINPDF
AA101101101101
ÆAE341256306306
ÁAacute347301301
ÂAcircumflex345302302
ÄAdieresis200304304
ÀAgrave313300300
ÅAring201305305
ÃAtilde314303303
BB102102102102
CC103103103103
ÇCcedilla202307307
DD104104104104
EE105105105105
ÉEacute203311311
ÊEcircumflex346312312
ËEdieresis350313313
ÈEgrave351310310
ÐEth320320
Euro[1]200240
FF106106106106
GG107107107107
HH110110110110
II111111111111
ÍIacute352315315
ÎIcircumflex353316316
ÏIdieresis354317317
ÌIgrave355314314
JJ112112112112
KK113113113113
LL114114114114
ŁLslash350225
MM115115115115
NN116116116116
ÑNtilde204321321
OO117117117117
ŒOE352316214226
ÓOacute356323323
ÔOcircumflex357324324
ÖOdieresis205326326
ÒOgrave361322322
ØOslash351257330330
ÕOtilde315325325
PP120120120120
QQ121121121121
RR122122122122
SS123123123123
ŠScaron212227
TT124124124124
ÞThorn336336
UU125125125125
ÚUacute362332332
ÛUcircumflex363333333
ÜUdieresis206334334
ÙUgrave364331331
VV126126126126
WW127127127127
XX130130130130
YY131131131131
ÝYacute335335
ŸYdieresis331237230
ZZ132132132132
ŽZcaron[2]216231
aa141141141141
áaacute207341341
âacircumflex211342342
´acute302253264264
äadieresis212344344
æae361276346346
àagrave210340340
&ampersand046046046046
åaring214345345
^asciicircum136136136136
~asciitilde176176176176
*asterisk052052052052
@at100100100100
ãatilde213343343
bb142142142142
\backslash134134134134
|bar174174174174
{braceleft173173173173
}braceright175175175175
[bracketleft133133133133
]bracketright135135135135
breve306371030
¦brokenbar246246
bullet[3]267245225200
cc143143143143
caron317377031
çccedilla215347347
cedilla313374270270
¢cent242242242242
^circumflex303366210032
:colon072072072072
,comma054054054054
©copyright251251251
¤currency[1]250333244244
dd144144144144
dagger262240206201
daggerdbl263340207202
°degree241260260
¨dieresis310254250250
÷divide326367367
$dollar044044044044
dotaccent307372033
1dotlessi365365232
ee145145145145
éeacute216351351
êecircumflex220352352
ëedieresis221353353
èegrave217350350
8eight070070070070
ellipsis274311205203
emdash320321227204
endash261320226205
=equal075075075075
ðeth360360
!exclam041041041041
¡exclamdown241301241241
ff146146146146
fi256336223
5five065065065065
fl257337224
ƒflorin246304203206
4four064064064064
/fraction244332207
gg147147147147
ßgermandbls373247337337
`grave301140140140
>greater076076076076
«guillemotleft[4]253307253253
»guillemotright[4]273310273273
guilsinglleft254334213210
guilsinglright255335233211
hh150150150150
hungarumlaut315375034
-hyphen[5]055055055055
ii151151151151
íiacute222355355
îicircumflex224356356
ïidieresis225357357
ìigrave223354354
jj152152152152
kk153153153153
ll154154154154
<less074074074074
¬logicalnot302254254
łlslash370233
mm155155155155
¯macron305370257257
minus212
µmu265265265
×multiply327327
nn156156156156
9nine071071071071
ñntilde226361361
#numbersign043043043043
oo157157157157
óoacute227363363
ôocircumflex231364364
öodieresis232366366
œoe372317234234
ogonek316376035
òograve230362362
1one061061061061
½onehalf275275
¼onequarter274274
¹onesuperior271271
ªordfeminine343273252252
ºordmasculine353274272272
øoslash371277370370
õotilde233365365
pp160160160160
paragraph266246266266
(parenleft050050050050
)parenright051051051051
%percent045045045045
.period056056056056
·periodcentered264341267267
perthousand275344211213
+plus053053053053
±plusminus261261261
qq161161161161
?question077077077077
¿questiondown277300277277
"quotedbl042042042042
quotedblbase271343204214
quotedblleft252322223215
quotedblright272323224216
quoteleft140324221217
quoteright047325222220
quotesinglbase270342202221
'quotesingle251047047047
rr162162162162
®registered250256256
°ring312373036
ss163163163163
šscaron232235
§section247244247247
;semicolon073073073073
7seven067067067067
6six066066066066
/slash057057057057
 space[6]040040040040
£sterling243243243243
tt164164164164
þthorn376376
3three063063063063
¾threequarters276276
³threesuperior263263
~tilde304367230037
trademark252231222
2two062062062062
²twosuperior262262
uu165165165165
úuacute234372372
ûucircumflex236373373
üudieresis237374374
ùugrave235371371
_underscore137137137137
vv166166166166
ww167167167167
xx170170170170
yy171171171171
ýyacute375375
ÿydieresis330377377
¥yen245264245245
zz172172172172
žzcaron[2]236236
0zero060060060060


[1] In PDF 1.3, the euro character was added to the Adobe standard Latin character set. It is encoded as 200 in WinAnsiEncoding and 240 in PDFDocEncoding, assigning codes that were previously unused. Apple changed the Mac OS Latin-text encoding for code 333 from the currency character to the euro character. However, this incompatible change has not been reflected in PDF's MacRomanEncoding, which continues to map code 333 to currency. If the euro character is desired, an encoding dictionary can be used to specify this single difference from MacRomanEncoding.

[2] In PDF 1.3, the existing Zcaron and zcaron characters were added to WinAnsiEncoding as the previously unused codes 216 and 236.

[3] In WinAnsiEncoding, all unused codes greater than 40 map to the bullet character. However, only code 225 is specifically assigned to the bullet character; other codes are subject to future reassignment.

[4] The character names guillemotleft and guillemotright are misspelled. The correct spelling for this punctuation character is guillemet. However, the misspelled names are the ones actually used in the fonts and encodings containing these characters.

[5] The hyphen character is also encoded as 255 in WinAnsiEncoding. The meaning of this duplicate code is “soft hyphen,”but it is typographically the same as hyphen.

[6] The space character is also encoded as 312 in MacRomanEncoding and as 240 in WinAnsiEncoding. This duplicate code signifies a nonbreaking space,; it is typographically the same as space.


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