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Review questions

1How can you select and manipulate individual objects in a group?
2How do you resize an object? Explain how you determine the point from which the object resizes. How do you resize a group of objects proportionally?
3What transformations can you make using the Transform palette?
4What does the square diagram indicate in the Transform palette, and how will it affect your transformations?
5What’s an easy way to change perspective? List three other types of transformations you can perform with the Free Transform tool.
6How do you create a variable? What are some uses for variables in your artwork?

Review answers

1You can use the Group Selection tool to select individual objects or subgroups of objects within a group and change them without affecting the rest of the group.
2You can resize an object several ways: by selecting it and dragging handles on its bounding box, or by using the Scale tool, the Transform palette, or Object > Transform > Scale to specify exact dimensions. You can also scale by choosing Effect > Distort & Transform > Transform.

To determine the point of origin from which an object scales, select a reference point in the Transform palette or in the Transform Effect or Transform Each dialog box, or click in the artwork with the Scale tool. Holding down Alt (Windows) or Option (Mac OS) and dragging the bounding box or double-clicking the Scale tool will resize a selected object from its center point.

Shift+dragging a corner handle on the bounding box scales an object proportionally, as does specifying either a uniform scale value in the Scale dialog box or multiples of the dimensions in the Width and Height text fields in the Transform palette.

3You use the Transform palette for making the following transformations:
  • Moving or strategically placing objects in your artwork (by specifying the x and y coordinates and the point of origin).

  • Scaling (by specifying the width and height of selected objects).

  • Rotating (by specifying the angle of rotation).

  • Shearing (by specifying the angle of distortion).

  • Reflecting (by flipping selected objects vertically or horizontally).

4The square diagram in the Transform palette indicates the bounding box of the selected objects. Select a reference point in the square to indicate the point of origin from which the objects as a group will move, scale, rotate, shear, or reflect.
5An easy way to change the perspective of selected objects is to select the Free Transform tool, hold down Shift+Alt+Ctrl (Windows) or Shift+Option+ Command (Mac OS), and drag a corner handle on the bounding box.

Other types of transformations you can perform with the Free Transform tool are distorting, scaling, shearing, rotating, and reflecting.

6To create a variable, you make a selection in your artwork, and then bind a variable to the object. The type of object and type of variable determine what attributes of the object can change. You can bind a Visibility variable to any object to make the object’s visibility dynamic, or changeable. If the object is text, a linked image, or a graph, you can also make the object’s content dynamic.

Using variables is a quick way to make artwork versions for a client that shows different iterations of the same design. You can also use variables to automate tedious design tasks, such as designing and updating business cards for hundreds of employees. You can use variables to update text, graph data, linked files, or graphics, and change them dynamically in your artwork.



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